Bugula plumosa   (Pallas,  1766) (Bryozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gymnolaemata

Image copyrights: Steve Trewhella

Size (Zooecium): Length 580 µ; breadth 140 µ.

Colony light brownish in color with less calcified, biserially arranged zooecia. Division dichotomous and branching of type 3 of Harmer 1923 and 1926. Long zooecia with slightly narrowing proximal region. Opesia usually occupy nearly three fourth of the frontal area, but may invade the proximal region also. The distal outer margin provided with two short unjointed spines of which the inner one is smaller, and the distal inner angle with a spinule which may be absent in a few zooecia. Avicularium small, placed at the distal half of the zooecium, length as much as or less than the width of the zooecium, the length of the avicularia never exceeding the width of the zooecia. The avicularian beak down-curved and less in length than the head. No ovicell was noticed. Ancestrula spineless and with distally facing opesia.

Synonym (s)
Bugula plumosa Menon & Nair, 1967
Bugula plumosa Ryland, 1960
Bugula plumosa Menon and Nair, 1974

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 05/06/1965)

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, NR and Nair, NB (1972) Indian species of genus Bugula Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy Part B Biological ciences 38(5-6) 403-413 Available at - Biological Abstracts
  • Menon, NR and Memon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ, A Monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell, CUSAT, Kochi 1-263 Available at - Library, CAS MB, Parangipettai
  • Menon, NR and Menon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ. A monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell on Marine Benthos, Kochi and Centre for Marine Living resources and Ecology, Kochi 263 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • MarLIN: Marine life information network Biology and sensitivity key information sub-programme [on-line] Available at - http://www.marlin.ac.uk/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Menon, NR and Nair, NB (1967) The ectoproctous bryozoans of the Indian waters Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 9(2) 430-432 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-01

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