Amathia distans   Busk,  1886 (Bryozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gymnolaemata

Image copyrights: J. Hoover

Size (Zooecium): Length 560-700 µ; breadth 200-250 µ.

Zoarium repent with slender rootlet-like tubes which attach the zoarium at places to the substratum. Zoarium light brown in color. Long internodes, with length varying from 2 mm to 2.2 mm. The diameter of the internodes range between 100 µ and 160 µ. Biserial zooecia arranged in spiral groups at the distal part of the internodes. More than three fourth of the internode without zooecia. Branching more or less dichotomous. At the distal end of the internode just above the region where the zooecia end, a diaphragm is present. Less conspicuous joint present near the diaphragm from where the branching takes place. Zooecia not connate completely, the distal portion being free from the stem. Orifice terminal and more or less quadrangular. Tentacles eight in number.

Synonym (s)
Amathia distans Busk, 1886
Amathia distans Silen, 1942
Amathia distans Osburn, 1953
Amathia distans Menon and Nair, 1967
Amathia distans Menon and Nair, 1972

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 1967) (Depth: 18 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, NR Species of the sub order Ctenostomata (Bryozoa) from Indian waters Biogeography of the Indian Ocean 407-408 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Menon, NR and Menon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ. A monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell on Marine Benthos, Kochi and Centre for Marine Living resources and Ecology, Kochi 263 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Bishop museum Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-09-29

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