Undinula vulgaris   (Dana,  1849) (Copepod)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Maxillopoda
Order:Calanoida
Family:Calanidae

Description
Size: Length: female 2.25-3.25 mm; male 2.04-2.50 mm.

Female: Head and pedigerous segment 1 fused. 5 swimming legs, all the same size and also similar structure. Some specimens have two points on the left side. Endopodite with 7 setae, those on segments 1 and 2 spine-like.
Male: Head and pedigerous segment 1 fused.


Synonym (s)
Calanus vulgaris Dana, 1849
Undinula vulgaris (Dana, 1849)
(Senior synonym)
Undinula vulgaris A. Scott, 1909
Calanus vulgaris Wolfenden, 1911
Undinula vulgaris T. Scott, 1912
Undinula vulgaris Sewell, 1912
Undinula vulgaris Sewell, 1913
Undinula vulgaris Sewell, 1914
Undinula vulgaris Fruchtl, 1924
Calanus vulgaris Farran, 1929
Undinula vulgaris var. plumulosus Sewell, 1912
Undinula vulgaris var. plumulosus Wolfenden, 1906
Undinula vulgaris giesbrechti Sewell, 1914
Undinula vulgaris major Wickstead, 1963
Undinula vulgaris minor Wickstead, 1963
Undinula vulgaris typica Sewell, 1929
Undinula vulgaris vulgaris (Dana, 1849)
Undinula vulgaris zeylanica Sewell, 1914
Calanus orientalis Marukawa, 1908

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Predator:  Bony fishes (Triphoturus nigrescens, Thalassoma bifasciatum, Diaphus perspicillatus, Diaphus schmidti, Argyropelecus affinis, Argyropelecus sladeni, Sternoptyx diaphana, Sternoptyx pseudobscura, Carangoides ruber)

Biogeography


• Kerala, Off Trivandrum Coast INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Coast INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek INDIA
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek INDIA
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobars INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Barren Island INDIA (Record: 04/2006)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Kerala, Off Kochi (Lat: 10) (Long: 68.05) INDIA (Record: 14/11/1983-17/11/1983)
• Kerala, Off Kochi (Lat: 11.5) (Long: 73.11) INDIA (Record: 14/11/1983-17/11/1983)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 16) (Long: 62) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 23) (Long: 73) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• Kerala, Kasargod INDIA (Record: 04/1988-05/1988)
• South East Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Lawsons Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 20/04/1985-04/05/1985)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 20/04/1985-04/05/1985)

Literature Source(s)
  • Kasturirangan, LR (1963) A key for the identification of the more common planktonic copepoda of Indian coastal waters Indian National Committee on Oceanic Research 2 31778 Available at - NIO RC, Kochi
  • Conway, DVP; White, RG; Hugues-Dit-Ciles, J; Gallienne, CP and Robins, DB (2003) Guide to the coastal and surface zooplankton of the south western Indian Ocean Occasional publication no 15 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Occasional Publication of the Marine Biological association of the United Kingdom 354 pp Available at - http://www.mba.ac.uk/nmbl/publications/occpub/pdf/occ_pub_15.pdf
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Renon, JP (1993) Repartition du copepode planctonique Undinula vulgaris (Dana) dans trois types de milieux coralliens Annales de l'Institut Oceanographique 69(2) 239-247 Available at - ZOOR13100024554
  • Madhupratap, M and Haridas, P (1986) Epipelagic calanoid copepods of the Northern Indian Ocean Copepod 105-117 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Rosamma, S (1984) Distribution of Calanoid Copepods in the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal Mahasagar-Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography 17(3) 161-171 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Saraswathy, M (1966) Pelagic Copepods from the inshore waters Off Trivandrum Coast Proceedings of Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part-I 74-106 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Smith, SL and Madhupratap, M (2005) Mesozooplankton of the Arabian Sea: Patterns influenced by seasons, upwelling, and oxygen concentrations Progress in Oceanography 65 214-239 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Saravanakumar, A; Rajkumar, M; Serebiah, JS and Thivakaran, GA (2007) Abundance and seasonal variations of zooplankton in the arid zone mangroves of Gulf of Kachch-Gujarat, Westcoast of India Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10(20) 3525-3532 Available at - http://docsdrive.com/pdfs/ansinet/pjbs/2007/3525-3532.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Sewell, RBS (1999) The copepoda of Indian seas Biotech Books, Delhi, India 407 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rakhesh, M; Raman, AV and Sudarsan, D (2006) Discriminating zooplankton assemblages in neritic and oceanic waters: A case for the northeast coast of India, Bay of Bengal Marine Environmental Research Elsevier 61(1) 93-109 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2005.06.002
  • Pillai, HUK; Jayaraj, KA; Rafeeq, M; Jayalakshmi, KJ and Revichandran, C Mesozooplankton distribution near an active volcanic island in the Andaman Sea (Barren Island) Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1579-0
  • Fernandes, V (2008) The effect of semi-permanent eddies on the distribution of mesozooplankton in the central Bay of Bengal Journal of Marine Research Sears Foundation for Marine Research 66 465–488 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Goswami, SC (1982) Distribution and diversity of copepods in the Mandovi-Zuari estuarine system, Goa Indian journal of marine sciences Scientific Publishers 11 292-295 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Achuthankutty, CT; Ramaiah, N and Padmavati, G (1998) Zooplankton variability and copepod assemblage in the coastal and estuarine waters of Goa along the central-west coast of India IOC Workshop Rep.. 142 Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission 1-11 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/1870
  • Santhakumari, V (1993) On the occurrence of endoparasites from copepods of the west coast of India Mahasagar Indian Association for Limnology and Oceanography, CSIR, Govt. of India 26(1) 55-58 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2768
  • Padmavati, G; Haridas, P; Nair, KKC; Gopalakrishnan, TC; Shiney, P and Madhupratap, M (1998) Vertical distribution of mesozooplankton in the central and eastern Arabian Sea during the winter monsoons Journal of Plankton Research Cambridge University Press 20 343-354 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/1869
  • Madhupratap, M and Haridas, P (1990) Zooplankton, especially calanoid copepods, in the upper 1000m of the south-east Arabian Sea Journal of Plankton Research Oxford University Press 12 305-321 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2432
  • Goswami, SC and Srivastava, Y (1996) Zooplankton standing stock, community structure and diversity in the northern Arabian Sea Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Scientific Results of FORV Sagar Sampada Department of Ocean Development, New Delhi, India 127-137p Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2147
  • Santhakumari, V and Peter, KJ (1993) Relative abundance and diel variation of zooplankton from south west coast of India Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 23 73-85 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2783
  • Santhakumari, V (1885) Epizoic and ectoparasitic protozoans from planktonic copepods of the southwest and southeast coasts of India with the description of a new species Journal of marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 27(1&2) 29-38 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ganapati, PN and Shanthakumari, K (1961) The systematics and distribution of planktonic copepods in the Lawson's bay, Waltair Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 3(1&2) 6-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jitlang, I; Pattarajinda, S; Mishra, R and Wongrat, L (2007) Composition, Abundance and Distribution of Zooplankton in the Bay of Bengal The Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management in the Bay of Bengal 65-92 Available at - http://map.seafdec.org/downloads/BIMSTEC/010-Zooplankton-Issaporn.pdf
  • Achuthankutty, CT; Nair, SRS; Haridas, P and Madhupratap, M (1989) Zooplankton composition of the Kalpeni and Agatti atolls, Lakshadweep archipelago Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18 151-154 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-21

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