Parapenaeus longipes   Alcock,  1905 (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: National Digital Archive Program

Size: Male 50 to 76 mm TL, female 61 to 79 mm TL.

Color: Pink to whitish, speckled with pink chromatophores; a red spot on distomedian part of outer uropods.

Body hairless. Rostrum reaching, or exceeding distal margin of basal antennular segment, slightly curved downward and armed with 6 or 7 dorsal teeth; postrostral crest distinct; branchiostegal spine absent; no trace of hepatic crest; longitudinal and transverse sutures present, the former extending almost to posterior border of carapace; antennular flagella shorter than carapace; fifth pereopod exceeding antennal scale by length of dactyl often also by distal part of propodus. Petasma (in males) with distolateral lobes sprout-like and as long as distomedian ones. In females, anterior plate of thelycum semicircular, articulating to intermediate plate and with a median groove which continues on intermediate plate; the latter is broad, quadrate and continuous to posterior sternal plate.

Synonym (s)
Parapenaeus longipes Alcock, 1905
Parapenaeus longipes Alcock, 1906
Parapenaeus longipes De Man, 1911
Parapenaeus longipes Kubo, 1951
Parapenaeus longipes f. denticulata Crosnier, 1986

Common Name (s)
• Flamingo Shrimp (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, dried or cooked. )

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal


• Kerala, Northwest of Kochi INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.72) (Long: 83.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Orissa, Off Ganjam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Orissa, Off Ganjam Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at -
  • George, MJ (1979) Taxonomy of Indian prawns (Penaeidae, Crustacea, Decapoda) Contributions to Marine Sciences Dedicated to Dr.C.V.Kurian 21-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Achuthankutty, CT; Chavan, V; Chandramohan, D; Kulkarni, V and Kavlekar, D (1998) Marine prawns of India NIO's Database on Marine Life of India (NIODMLI) Available at -
  • George, MJ (1966) On a collection of Penaeid prawns from the offshore waters of the south-west coast of India Proceedings of Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part-I 337-346 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Taiwan digital archives expansion project Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at -
  • Mohamed, KH (1973) Penaeid prawn resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India, CMFRI, Cochin 548-556 Available at -
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at -
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at -
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at -
  • Radhakrisnan, EV; Kathirvel, M; Devarajan, K; Vijayakumaran, M; Poovannan, P; Thangavelu, R; Hameed, KS; Sankaralingam, S; Ramakrishnan, A and Thangar, VS (1989) An unusual congregation of organisms in the catches off Kovalam, Madras Marine fisheries information service ICAR 99 16-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-15

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