Platalea leucorodia   Linnaeus,  1758 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Ciconiiformes
Family:Threskiornithidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Field Identification: found in parties about water; a tall white long legged bird immediately identified by the black spoon shaped bill.

Voice: A low grunt and a clattering of the mandibles are the only sounds uttered.

A long-necked, long-legged snow-white marsh bird with black legs and a distinctive, large, flat, black-and-yellow spoon-shaped bill. A pale yellowish brown patch on foreneck. A long, full nuchal crest in the breeding season. Sexes alike. Individually, or flocks, at jheels etc.

Habits: Affects marshes and jheels, mudbanks in rivers, and also estuarine mudflats. Feeds actively in the morning and evenings. A flock wades into shallow water, and with outstretched neck and obliquely held partly open bills the birds move forward sweeping in a half circle from side to side and raking up the bottom mud with the tip of the lower mandible. Flight rather slow, with steady wing beats, neck and legs extended. Flocks fly in V-formation or in diagonal single lines.

Nesting: Season- between July and November, later in S. India, varying with monsoon conditions. Nest- rather massive stick platforms amongst a mixed heronry on trees standing in or near water. Eggs-4, sullied white, sparingly spotted and blotched with deep reddish brown.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Eurasian Spoonbill (English)
• Chamach baza (Hindi)
• Dabil (Hindi)
• Spoonbill (English)
• Kala sherati (Marathi)
• Karandi mooku naarai (Tamil)
• Shwet aati (sanskrit)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(The species is threatened by habitat degradation through drainage and pollution (e.g. chlorinated hydrocarbons), and is especially affected by the disappearance of reed swamps due to agricultural and hydroelectric development. Over-fishing and disturbance have caused population declines in Greece, and human exploitation of eggs and nestlings for food has threatened the species in the past.)
Threats:  Natural threats
(The species is also susceptible to avian influenza so may be threatened by future outbreaks of the virus)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Mollusca, fish, tadpoles, aquatic insects, frogs and vegetable matter.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Goa, Arpora INDIA (Record: 11/11/1995, 13/11/1995)
• Goa, Baga INDIA (Record: 11/11/1995, 13/11/1995)
• Orissa, Habalpatia INDIA
• Orissa, Gahirmatha INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Gujarat, Bet Dwarka INDIA
• Maharashtra, Navi Mumbai INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Point Calimere (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA
• Gujarat, Mahi River estuary INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-07-24

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