Scolopsis monogramma   (Cuvier,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Nemipteridae

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Description
Size: 31-32 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens uniform. A broad horizontal light band connecting anterior border of eyes.

Height 2.5-2.6, 3.2-3.3 in length with caudal. Head 3.2-3.3, 4-4.2 in length with caudal. Eye 3.2-3.4, somewhat less than snout and than slightly convex inter orbital space. Scales beginning on head between eyes, at a distance behind nostrils less than diameter of pupil. Temporal region scaly. Mouth somewhat oblique. Maxillary smooth, reaching beyond vertical through posterior nostril but before vertical through front border of eye. Small pointed straight teeth in bands in jaws. Five to six transverse rows of scales on preoperculum. Hind border of preoperculum strongly scalloped, the angle prominent, coarsely denticulated. Suborbital rather high, its hind border oblique. Suborbital spine strong but short, about as long as pupil. A few spines, not very distinct and more like crenulations of the hind border of the suborbital, below it. Third to fifth dorsal spines sub equal, equal to snout. Following spines slightly shorter, but the last somewhat longer than ninth. Soft dorsal rounded, somewhat higher than spinous part. First anal spine half as long as second, third spine longest, equal to diameter of eye. Soft anal less deep than soft dorsal, rounded. Pectorals half length of snout shorter than head, ventrals, with the first ray produced, slightly shorter. Caudal forked. Head scales reaching to between anterior margin of eyes and posterior nostrils. Lower limb of preopercle scaly. Antrorse (forward-directed) suborbital spine absent. Pelvic fins long, reaching almost to level of origin of anal fin. Upper lobe of caudal fin a little longer than lower lobe. In larger specimens, lobes produced to form short filamentous extensions in larger specimens. 3 blue stripes on snout, uppermost joining eyes above nostrils. A blue stripe on preopercle behind eye. A blue chevron-shaped stripe running upwards onto opercle from below eye and bending downward towards pectoral-fin base. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 9, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 7.

Protogynous, external fertilisation, nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Scolopsis monogramma Gunther, 1859
Scolopsis monogramma Bleeker, 1877
Scolopsis monogramma Fowler, 1931

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, nekton, benthic crustaceans, finfish, mollusks, worms, bivalves, polychaetes, bony fish

Biogeography


• Bay of Bengal INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2003) Catalog of fishes Available at - http://www.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/
  • (1994) The effect of artificial reef installation on the biosocioeconomics of small scale fisheries in Ranong province, Thailand Bay of Bengal Programme Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm

Page last updated on:2010-05-12

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