Limosa lapponica   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Scolopacidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 37-41 cm.

Voice: A barking kak-kak.

Habits: Gregarious, mostly coastal in mixed flocks with Black-tailed Godwit and other waders, one of the earliest migrants from western coasts of the subcontinent.

Sexes alike, except in summer, a dark-patterned sandy brown bird with parti-coloured black-and-white tail, flesh-coloured bill(terminal half-back), and greenish-gery legs and feet. Non-breeding (winter): Plumage like Black-tailed Godwit, but distinguished by slender straight bill slightly upcurved and shorter legs when the bird is at rest. Breeding (summer): Head, neck and underparts of the male are rich rufous, female duller and browner, In flight, absence of white wing-bar and barred tail are pointers. Juvenile: Like adult in winter but the breast buff, mottled and streaked blackish.

Breeding season: late-May to August. Nest- The nest is a depression positioned on a dry elevated site such as a tundra ridge or hummock, often between clumps of grass or under a thicket.

Synonym (s)
Limosa laponica (Linnaeus, 1758)
(misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Bar Tailed Godwit (English)
• Bar-tailed Godwit (English)
• Bartailed Godwit (English)
• Varavalan godwit (Malayalam)
• Tondu ulanka (Telugu)
• Pattapunchh gadera, Rekhapunch gadera, Nano gadera (Gujrati)
• Gudera, Gairiya, Jangral (Hindi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(The species is threatened by the degradation of foraging sites due to land reclamation, pollution, human disturbance, reduced river flows and in some areas the invasion of mudflats and coastal saltmarshes by mangroves (owing to sea-level rise and increased sedimentation and nutrient loads at the coast from uncontrolled development and soil erosion in upstream catchment areas).)
Threats:  Natural threats
(The species is also susceptible to avian influenza so may be threatened by future outbreaks of the virus)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous (molluscs, marine worms and insects).
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• BANGLADESH
• SRI LANKA
• MALDIVES
• Goa, Chorao INDIA (Record: 06/01/1985)
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Morjim INDIA
• Goa, Mandrem beach INDIA
• Goa, Chapora estuary INDIA
• Goa, Divar INDIA
• Goa, Miramar beach INDIA
• Goa, Panaji INDIA
• Goa, Sal Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA (Record: 08/1986-07/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Point Calimere (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA
• Arunachal Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Gujarat, Bet Dwarka INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at - http://www.sanctuaryasia.com/resources/speciechklist/bird.php
  • Tikader, BK (1984) Birds of Andaman and Nicobar Island ZSI, Kolkata 1-167 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Sampath, K and Krishnamurthy, K (1990) Shorebirds (Charadriiformes) of the Pichavaram Mangroves, Tamil Nadu, India Wader Study Group Bulletin 58 24-27 Available at - http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/IWSGB/n058/p00024-p00027.pdf
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Balachandran, S (2006) The decline in wader populations along the east coast of India with special reference to Point Calimere, south-east India. Waterbirds around the world. Eds. G.C. Boere, C.A. Galbraith & D.A. Stroud The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK. 296-301pp Available at - http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/pdf/pub07_waterbirds_part3.5.13.pdf
  • Lal Mohan RS (1986) Birds and Bird Catchers Of Ramanathapuram Coast Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5615/1/10.pdf
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Avibase- the world database Available at - http://avibase.bsc-eoc.org
  • Sivaperuman C and Jayson EA (2000) Birds of Kol wetland, Thrissur, Kerala Zoo's print journal 15(10) 344-349pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2000/October/344-349.pdf
  • Nayak, A.K. (2006) Status of migratory shorebirds at Bhitarkanika and Chilika wetlands on the east coast of India Waterbirds around the world. Eds. G.C. Boere, C.A. Galbraith & D.A. Stroud The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK 305-307pp Available at - http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/PDF/pub07_waterbirds_part3.5.16.pdf
  • Urfi AJ (2002) Waders and other wetland birds on Byet Dwarka Island, Gulf of Kutch, western India Wader Study Group Bull. 31-34 Available at - http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/IWSGB/v099/p00031-p00034.pdf
  • Pande S, Sant NR, Ranade SD, PednekarSN, Mestry PG, Kharat S S and Deshmukh V (2007) An ornithological expedition to the Lakshadweep archipelago: Assessment of threats to pelagic and other birds and recommendations Indian Birds 3(1) 2-12pp Available at - http://www.indianbirds.in/pdfs/An%20ornithological%20expedition.pdf
  • Deiva Oswin S (1999) Avifaunal diversity of Muthupet mangrove forest Zoo's print journal 14(6) 47-53 Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/1999/June/47-53.pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-07-12

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