Calidris temminckii   (Leisler,  1812) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Scolopacidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 13-15 cm.

Voice: Thin trrrrrit.

Habits: Often solitary, though sometimes occurs in small flocks of about 20 birds, forages at the margins and feeds slowly, picking prey from vegetation or mud. Starts arriving in India by September / October and returns by May.

Adult: Sexes alike. very similar to little Stint but distinguished by more uniform grey-brown upperparts, brownish fore head, white outer tail-feathers and greenish legs. Non-breeding (winter): Brown-ash-grey upper parts, breast-band and less distinct super cilium, underparts white. Breeding (summer): Similar to non-breeding but has browner head, breast and upper parts.

Breeding: Extralimital


Synonym (s)
Tringa temminckii (Leisler, 1812)

Common Name (s)
• Lahan Panlowa (Marathi)
• Temminck's Stint (English)
• Chhota panlowwa, (Hindi)
• Ujalapag khichdiyo, (Gujarati)
• Manjakaal kosu ullan, (Tamil)
• Temminki manaloothi (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats
(This species is threatened by nest predation from Common Gull Larus canus and Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres, as well as from Hooded Crow Corvus corone cornix, weasel Mustela nivalis, American mink Mustela vison and fox Vulpes vulpes in Finland. The species is also susceptible to avian influenza and may therefore be threatened by future outbreaks of the virus.)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Human disturbance and also due to shrinkage and deterioration of habitats due to recreational activity. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Chiefly carnivorous (small molluscs, crustaceans, insects), occasionally aquatic plants.
Predator:  Common Gull Larus canus and Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres, as well as from Hooded Crow Corvus corone cornix
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Sundarban INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Nagaland INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Andaman & Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Haryana, Kurukshetra INDIA
• INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• BANGLADESH
• SRI LANKA
• MALDIVES
• Goa, Cortalim INDIA (Record: 08/01/1981)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA (Record: 08/1986-07/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Port INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at - http://www.sanctuaryasia.com/resources/speciechklist/bird.php
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  • Mahabal, A and Lamba, BS (1987) On the birds of Poona and vicinity Occasional paper no 94 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-115 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikader, BK (1984) Birds of Andaman and Nicobar Island ZSI, Kolkata 1-167 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Nandi, NC; Das, SR; Bhuinya, S and Dasgupta, JM (1993) Wetland faunal resources of West Bengal, I., north and south 24-Parganas districts Occasional paper no 150 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 18264
  • Fauna of Tripura (part-1) vertebrates ZSI, Kolkata 365 pp
  • Khan, RA (2002) The ecology and faunal diversity of two floodplain Ox Bow lakes of south eastern West Bengal Occasional paper no. 195 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 20821 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Annandale, N (1924) Zoological results of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to Yunnan under the leadership of Professor J. W. Gregory, F. R. S. (1922). Aquatic gastropod molluscs Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society ofBengal (N. S.) 19(9) 399-422; pls 17
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  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
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  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
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  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar P and Gupta SK (2009) Diversity and Abundance of Wetland Birds around Kurukshetra, India Our Nature 7 212-217 Available at - http://www.mtnforum.org/sites/default/files/pub/6167.pdf
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  • Sivaperuman C and Jayson EA (2000) Birds of Kol wetland, Thrissur, Kerala Zoo's print journal 15(10) 344-349pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2000/October/344-349.pdf
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Narayanan SP, Thomas AP and Sreekumar B (2011) Ornithofauna and its conservation in the Kuttanad wetlands, southern portion of Vembanad-Kole Ramsar site, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(4) 1663–1676 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2011/April/o187026iv111663-1676.pdf
  • Choudhury A (2001) Some bird records from Nagaland, north-east India Forktail 17 91-103pp Available at - http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/forktail/17pdfs/Choudhury-Nagaland.pdf
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Page last updated on:2012-08-30

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