Calidris subminuta   (Middendorff,  1853) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Scolopacidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 13-15 cm.

Voice: Soft prrt, chrrup.

Habits: Forages with other Stints, runs about energetically for feeding.

Sexes alike, similar to Little Stint but with comparatively longer, yellowish legs, upright and longish neck, slightly down curved bill and greyish-brown outer tail-feather. Non-breeding (winter): Upperparts with prominent dark centres in feathers and prominent dark centres in feathers and prominent dark centres in feathers and prominent supercilium white and foreneck and breast streaked with brown. Juvenile: With white V on back formed due to white edging to mantle.

Breeding season: It breeds from early-June to July in solitary pairs, usually well-dispersed but sometimes very close together within wetlands. Nest- The nest is a shallow depression on a hummock of sedge well-hidden in areas with mosses, sedges and dwarf willows Salix spp. near pools on open, grassy bogs or swamps or on mountain tundra in boreal forest (taiga).

Synonym (s)
Calidris subminutus (Middendorff, 1853)

Common Name (s)
• Long-toed Stint (English)
• Longtoed Stint (English)
• Pachai kaal kosu ullan (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous, tiny invertebrates.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Gujarat INDIA
• BANGLADESH
• SRI LANKA
• MALDIVES
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA (Record: 02/12/1997)
• Goa, Santa Cruz INDIA
• Goa, Panaji INDIA
• Goa, Ribandar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Port INDIA
• Nagaland INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at - http://www.sanctuaryasia.com/resources/speciechklist/bird.php
  • Tikader, BK (1984) Birds of Andaman and Nicobar Island ZSI, Kolkata 1-167 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Choudhury A (2001) Some bird records from Nagaland, north-east India Forktail 17 91-103pp Available at - http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/forktail/17pdfs/Choudhury-Nagaland.pdf
  • Nayak, A.K. (2006) Status of migratory shorebirds at Bhitarkanika and Chilika wetlands on the east coast of India Waterbirds around the world. Eds. G.C. Boere, C.A. Galbraith & D.A. Stroud The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK 305-307pp Available at - http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/PDF/pub07_waterbirds_part3.5.16.pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf
  • Narayanan SP, Thomas AP and Sreekumar B (2011) Ornithofauna and its conservation in the Kuttanad wetlands, southern portion of Vembanad-Kole Ramsar site, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(4) 1663–1676 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2011/April/o187026iv111663-1676.pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1969) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 2 1-337pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2013-01-31

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