Phalacrocorax niger   (Vieillot,  1817) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Pelecaniformes
Family:Phalacrocoracidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 51 cm.

Field Identification: A water bird, dark glossy black, with an upright carriage and a habit of sitting on stumps and trees with the wing outspread. Swims and dives excellently and flies well. Distinguish by small size from other cormorants.

Voice: Usually silent.

Habits: This is commonest species of cormorant in India and is often very abundant. Often found in large flocks in lakes and reservoirs, also occurring singly or in small groups in rivers, occasionally found on the sea coast, hunts on small crab, tadpoles, frogs and fish in groups, breeds in mixed colonies from July to September.

Adult: Sexes alike. Has small and black body with stout and hooked bill, blackish at tip and bluish purple at base, domed forehead, stiff tail, and without yellow gular skin, Iris greenish brown, toes are flattened and webbed. Breeding: Black with glistering blue-green, upper back and wing-coverts dark silvery grey, short occipital crest, a few white silky feathers on forecrown, sides of head and neck. Non-breeding: Crest and white feathers disappear, and feathers at base of lower bill appear white sometimes extending to throat. Juvenile: Brown above and paler below with white throat and central abdomen.

Nesting: Season in N. India chiefly July to September; S. India November to February and birds breeds in the colonies of great size. Nest- a shallow twig platform, like a crow's, in trees usually in mixed colonies of egrets, storks, etc., both near and away from water. Eggs- 4 or 5, pale bluish green, with a chalky surface.


Synonym (s)
Hydrocorax niger Vieillot, 1817
Phalacrocorax niger Ali & Ripley, 1978

Common Name (s)
• Little Cormorant (English)
• Lahan Pan Kawala (Marathi)
• Pan Kawrai
• Pan-kowwa (Hindi)
• Ganhil (Hindi)
• Javanese Cormorant (English)
• Kakkataravu, (Malayalam)
• Neetikaki, Chinna neeti kaki (Telugu)
• Chota pankawla (Marathi)
• Nano jal kagdo, Nano kajiyo (Gujrati)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Largely fish and crustaceans.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Goa, Velsao INDIA (Record: 23/11/1982)
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Port INDIA
• Haryana, Kurukshetra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai, Pallikaranai Wetlands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Point Calimere (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Maharashtra, Navi Mumbai INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Nagaland INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA
• Gujarat, Mahi River estuary INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-09-24

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