Phalacrocorax fuscicollis   Stephens,  1826 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Pelecaniformes
Family:Phalacrocoracidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 63 cm.

Voice: Usually silent.

Habits: Found in large flocks, more gregarious than Large Cormorant, sometimes feeds with Littel Cormorant. Locally common, undertake local movements depending on water conditions, breeds gregariously from August to October, generally July to February.

Adult: Sexes alike. Chiefly a black waterbird with blue-green eyes, dark brown bill, yellow gular skin, white speckeld throat, black legs and feet, scaly effect on back and wings visible on a closer look. Breeding (July-February): Upper plumage iridescent bronze-black, under plumage glossy black, a white tuft of feathers on each side of the neck behind eyes, a few specks on head, face black-purplish. Non-breeding: Plumage without gloss. Juvenile: Scaly bronze-brown above with black primaries and tail, white below, flanks mottled with brown and white.

Breeding season: Usually August to October in northern India; November to February in the south. Nest- ans untidy platform of twigs, rather like a crow's nest, sometimes scantily lined with grass roots and water weeds. Eggs- 3 to 5 or 6, pale bluish green with a chalky surface.

Synonym (s)
Phalacrocorax fuscicollis Stephens, 1826

Common Name (s)
• Indian Shag (English)
• Indian Cormorant (English)
• Kinnari neerkaka (Malayalam)
• Bontakaki, Neeti kaki (Telugu)
• Neer kagam, (Tamil)
• Ghogur, Pan-kowwa, Jal-kowwa (Hindi)
• Pan-kawri
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Chiefly fish.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA (Record: 10/03/1993)
• Goa, Neura INDIA
• Goa, Santa Cruz creek INDIA
• Goa, Baga creek INDIA
• Goa, Divar INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Haryana, Kurukshetra INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Mukherjee, AK (1995) Birds of arid and semi-arid tracts Occasional paper no 142 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-303 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Dasgupta, JM; Roy, SB and Datta, BK (2002) Endemic birds of India Occasional paper no 200 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 16072 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chattopadhyay, S (1995) Aves Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 561-599 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Khan, RA (2002) The ecology and faunal diversity of two floodplain Ox Bow lakes of south eastern West Bengal Occasional paper no. 195 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 20821 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kumar, A (2002) Avifauna of Kumbhalgarh wildlife sanctuary in the Aravalli hills of Rajasthan Zoos' Print Journal 17(4) 764-768 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
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  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
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  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
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  • Narayanan SP, Thomas AP and Sreekumar B (2011) Ornithofauna and its conservation in the Kuttanad wetlands, southern portion of Vembanad-Kole Ramsar site, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(4) 1663–1676 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2011/April/o187026iv111663-1676.pdf
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  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
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Page last updated on:2012-08-01

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