Holothuria (Metensiothuria) leucospilota   (Brandt)  1835 (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Description
Size: 40-150 mm.

Color: Deep charcoal-grey over all surfaces only relieved on the sole by pale grey tube feet (Humphreys, 1981). Colour bright brown, uniform or rather darker on back, many white blotches, much larger and defined on back, where they are smaller towards the anterior end.

Mouth inferior. Podia scattered on the whole body, scarcer on the back. Spicules: (a) tables with smooth or slightly sinuous edge and a variable number of holes (about 12; often four small marginal holes alternate with four much larger holes); spire large, with quadrangular end having a wide central hole and peripheral spines; (b) oblong buttons with 3-4 pairs of holes, central one larger; often irregular; (c) perforated disc at the summit of each podium; (d) large plates in the podia, perforated and irregular; (e) very small deposits (rings, C, hooks...) in the muscles under the skin (Tortonese, 1980).


Synonym (s)
Stichopus (Gymnochirota) leucospilota Brandt 1835
Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota Mukhopadhyay and Samanta 1983

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 73.03) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Mukhopadhyaya, SK (1988) On some holothurians from the Gulf of Mannar, India Records of the Zoological Survey of India 85(1) 39830 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK (1991) Echinodermata: Holothurioidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 399-413 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:20-04-09

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