Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis   Selenka,  1867 (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Description
Size: 50-150 mm TL; diameter of the disc of the table 0.048 mm- 0.066 mm; height of the table 0.045 mm- 0.052 mm;

Color: Light brown, with white and dark patches; In large forms (150 mm in length) there are 8 to 15 pairs of brown spots. Small specimens (50 mm in length) are light brown with very small brown specks scattered over it. Spots characteristic of the adult are absent.

Body is spindle -shaped, tapering at both ends; mouth and anus are terminal ; tentacles 17-20 with tentacular collar. The dorsal and ventral sides are not well demarcated; papillae and pedicels small and few. The papillae are 3-4 mm in length and the pedicels are prov ided with larger discs. The body wall is smooth and thin. Pedicels make a flattened ventral sole. Spicules consisting of tables with spinose disc, rim of disc upturned, pseudo buttons numerous with a single row of 3-4 holes, regular buttons are a few. The top of the table is square-shaped. The disc of each table has a central hole and eight small peripheral holes. Four spires arise from the base or the disc and are connected by a cross beam. The edge of the disc is slightly irregular, and in some specimens the edge is smooth and slightly raised.

The calcareous ring is comparatively small and delicate, the pieces being rather loosely joined. Interradials are as wide as or wider than the radials. Each radial piece is prolonged slightly further forward than the inter-radial and has the usual roundish incision. The anterior edge or the inter-radial has a small tooth; two polian vesicles and a single stone canal. The left tree is much longer than the right one.


Synonym (s)
Holothuria pardalis Selenka, 1867
Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Clark and Rowe, 1917
Holothuria (Lessonothuria) insignis Ludwig, 1875
Holothuria insignis Ludwig, 1875
Holothuria peregrina Ludwig, 1875
Lessonothuria pardalis Selenka, 1867

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulli Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rangat Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mayabunder INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Mukhopadhyaya, SK (1988) On some holothurians from the Gulf of Mannar, India Records of the Zoological Survey of India 85(1) 39830 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK (1991) Echinodermata: Holothurioidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 399-413 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • James, DB (1995) Taxonomic studies of the species of holothuria (Linnaeus, 1767) from the seas around India. Part II Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 92(1) 190-204 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7436/1/450-J._BOMBAY_NAT.HISTORY_SOC_1995.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-25

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