Holothuria (Halodeima) edulis   Lesson,  1830 (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Image copyrights: D.B. James, CMFRI, Kochi, India

Description
Size:90- 300 mm

Color: It is usually bright pink in color with varying degrees of black. The black color is well marked on the upper side only, while the lower side is uniformly pink in color.

Body elongate, narrow at the anterior and blunt at the posterior end. Minute papillae found on the dorsal side of the body. Numerous pedicels on the ventral side. An arrangement into three rows is discernible. There are 20 medium-sized tentacles surrounded by a rim of black papillae. Skin smooth and thin.
The calcareous ring is of moderate size; 37 stone canals and one polian vesicle. Both the right and left branches of the respiratory trees are large and of equal size. Spicules consist of tables and buttons. Discs of tables reduced to a ring which is narrower than the top of the spire. There is a horizontal beam in the middle of the spire. The top of the spire is expanded and bears four blunt spines on each side which can be seen only in the lateral view. Small buttons present in the inner layer. The number of holes varies from 3 to 10 and most of them are incomplete. Long supporting rods which have expanded ends and three to four holes are present in the pedicels.


Synonym (s)
Holothuria (Halodeima) signata Ludwig, 1875
Holothuria (Thyone) edulis Lesson, 1830
Holothuria albida Bell, 1887

Common Name (s)
• Pinkfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Mukhopadhyaya, SK (1988) On some holothurians from the Gulf of Mannar, India Records of the Zoological Survey of India 85(1) 39830 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, DB (2001) Twenty sea cucumbers from seas around India Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly 24(1 & 2) 4-8 Available at - http://www.worldfishcenter.org/Naga/Naga24-1&2/pdf/features.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Kumara, PBTP; Cumaranathunga, PRT and Linden, O (2005) Present status of the sea cucumber fishery in southern Sri Lanka: A resource depleted industry SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 24-29 Available at - http://www.spc.int/Coastfish/news/BDM/22/Terney.pdf
  • James, DB (1995) Taxonomic studies of the species of Holothuria (Linnaeus, 1767) from the seas around India. Part 1 Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 92(1) 43-62 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7434/1/449-J._BOMBAY_NAT.HISTORY_SOC_1995.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-20

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