Holothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens   (Brandt,  1835) (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Description
Size: 30- 200 mm

Colour: reddish-brown with some of the papillae and pedicels yellowish

Robust, sub-cylindrical with dorsal and ventral sides sharply differentiated. Dorsal surface covered with uniformly distributed numerous papillae; ventrally beset with crowded robust pedicels. Tentacles 20 in number, large and sub-globose when fully expanded; mouth ventral; posterior end of the body blunt; anus surrounded by papillae. Body wall thick and fairly smooth to touch. Pedicels more or less arranged in three rows. Papillae of dissimilar sizes. In the living condition the tentacles, though peltate, appear to be slightly arborescent. The collar surrounding the tentacles is inconspicuos. The calcareous ring is of the usual type; four polian vesicles of dissimilar size. On the right side of the mesentery there is a single stone canal. Cuvierian tubules are well developed. Longitudinal muscle bands are thin. Spicules are of two types, namely tables and rods. Rods simple and finely granulated, a characteristic of the species. They are either straight or curved with the extremities often branched or with coarser tubercles. Occasionally, triradiate and tetraradiate rods occur with three or four ends considerably branched; tables simple with the annular disc; four large holes at the center and four large holes near the margin in each disc of the table. Pedicels arranged closely on the ventral side leaving a small bare area in the middle. Papillae scattered. Spicules consisting of spiny rods and small tables, rods are curved and highly spinous. It is provided with profuse cuvierian tubles which are discharged on disturbance to the animal.


Synonym (s)
Stichopus (Gymnochirota) cinerascens Brandt, 1835
Holothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens Soota, Mukhopadhyay and Samanta, 1983
Holothuria pulchella Selenka, 1867
Holothuria willeyi Bedford, 1899
Stichopus (Gymnochirota) cinerascens Brandt, 1835

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Vizhinjam (Lat: 8.37) (Long: 76.95) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1971)
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Mukhopadhyaya, SK (1988) On some holothurians from the Gulf of Mannar, India Records of the Zoological Survey of India 85(1) 39830 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Riaz, A and Skewes, T (2005) Resource assessment of the holothurian populations in the Seychelles Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 21 19-21 Available at - http://www.spc.int/coastfish/News/BDM/21/BDM21.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK (1991) Echinodermata: Holothurioidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 399-413 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Kumara, PBTP; Cumaranathunga, PRT and Linden, O (2005) Present status of the sea cucumber fishery in southern Sri Lanka: A resource depleted industry SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 24-29 Available at - http://www.spc.int/Coastfish/news/BDM/22/Terney.pdf
  • James, DB (1995) Taxonomic studies of the species of Holothuria (Linnaeus, 1767) from the seas around India. Part 1 Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 92(1) 43-62 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7434/1/449-J._BOMBAY_NAT.HISTORY_SOC_1995.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-25

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