Paramonacanthus choirocephalus   (Bleeker,  1852) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 11 cm.

Color: Brownish with an indistinct dark blotch on body below anterior part of soft dorsal. Second dorsal, anal and pectoral hyaline. Caudal with two brownish cross bands.

Head 3.0 in standard length, 3.7 in total length. Depth of body 2.3 in standard length, 2.8 in total length. Eye diameter 3.3 in head, 2.2 in snout and slightly more than interorbital space. Dorsal profile of snout slightly concave. Gill opening somewhat oblique, the upper end below hind border of eye. First dorsal spine above posterior half of eye, its anterior border rough and with two rows of barbs posteriorly, its length equal to snout. Second dorsal spine minute. Outer border of dorsal and anal fins slightly convex. Pelvic spine movable, with some spinules at its end. Swimming type-undulation of median or pectoral fins, swimming mode-balistiform.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: II; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: 28; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 29; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 12.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Monacanthus nemurus Bleeker, 1852
Monacanthus choirocephalus Bleeker, 1852
(Senior synonym)
Monacanthus nemurus Bleeker, 1852
(Junior synonym)
Paramonacanthus nemurus (Bleeker, 1852)
(Junior synonym)
Paramonacanthus whitleyi Fraser-Brunner, 1941
(Junior synonym)
Stephanolepis retrospinis Fowler, 1943
(Ambiguous synonym)
Monacanthus choirocephalus Bleeker, 1852
Paramonacanthus choirocephalus Munro, 1955

Common Name (s)
• Pig Faced Leatherjacket (English)
• Chiket (Konkani)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Hutchins, JB (1997) Review of the monacanthid fish genus Paramonacanthus, with descriptions of three new species Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 54 Available at - ZOOR13400031872
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-13

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