Stenatherina temmincki   (Bleeker,  1853) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 23-80 mm

Color: Whitish to translucent with a silvery lateral stripe with blackish edge above. Scale pockets above lateral band outlined with dark greenish spots. Tip of snout, back of head and lower lip dark. A dark mid-dorsal line. Base of pectoral with dark spots. Fins hyaline; caudal sometimes slightly dusky.

Body somewhat cylindrical, dorsal profile of head almost flat, snout bluntly conical. Head 3.8-4.1 in standard length, 4.6-5.0 in total length. Depth of body 5.7-6.4 in standard length, 6.8-7.6 in total length. Eye diameter 2.7-3.1 in head, 0.7 in snout and equal to or slightly more than interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below front border of eye. Side of maxillary with a slender lateral process. Ascending median premaxillary process extending to interorbital space. Mandible slightly elevated posteriorly. A distinct concavity above corner of preopercle. Minute teeth in narrow bands in jaws, vomer and palatines and a few teeth on pterygoid. Scales firmly embedded, margin of scales entire. Origin of first dorsal fin nearer to base of caudal fin than to tip of snout, opposite to 14th or 15th scale and opposite to or slightly behind level of vent. 17-19 predorsal scales. Vent between or slightly behind tip of ventral fins. Origin of second dorsal fin opposite to 24th to 26th scale. 7-8 interdorsal scales. Pectoral fin 6.6-7.5 in total length and shorter than head without snout.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: V-VII; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: I, i, 8-9; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: I, i, 10-11 (12); number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 15-16; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 42-45; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 6; gill raker count: 5-6+1+19-22.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Atherina temmincki Bleeker, 1853
Allanetta afra Smith, 1965
Stenatherina temmincki Jones, 1969

Common Name (s)
• Himafitham
• Tholiyan
Economic Importance and Threats



• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 10/1986-03/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Pillai, PP; Mohan, RSL; Murty, VS and Gopakumar, G (1989) Live-bait resources and development Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 39-45 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-04-12

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