Sterna dougallii   Montagu,  1813 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Daniel López Velasco.

Size: 33-38 cm.

Voice: Low harsh cherr wick.

Habits: Forages in flocks. Prefers shallow inshore waters. Feeds by plunge-diving in shallow water.

Adult: Sexes alike. Slender grey and white tern with deeply forked tail. Breeding (summer): Bill reddish with black at tips, forehead, crown and nape black upto eye, underparts pinkish. Non-breeding (winter): Bill black, forehead white, lesser-covert bar faint dark, upperparts paler grey, tail longer with white outer feathers, underparts pinkish. Juvenile: Bill long and black, forehead spotted, crown streaked with black and white, rump and upper tail coverts ashy grey, underparts white.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Roseate Tern (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Chiefly fish and prawn.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman INDIA
• Goa, Chapora estuary INDIA (Record: 13/04/1982, 18/08/1998, 13/09/2001, 05/09/2000, 24/09/2001, 12/09/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at -
  • Tikader, BK (1984) Birds of Andaman and Nicobar Island ZSI, Kolkata 1-167 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at -
  • Ramos, JA (2002) Roseate terns on Aride Island: The contribution of 19 years of monitoring to the conservation of an endangered species Phelsuma 10 17-27 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Ramos, JA; Maul, AM; Ayrton, V; Bullock, I; Hunter, J; Bowler, J; Castle, G; Mileto, R and Pacheco, C (2002) Influence of local and large-scale weather events and timing of breeding on tropical roseate tern reproductive parameters Marine Ecology Progress Series 243 271-279 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rare Birds in Spain Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-09-22

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