Cliona viridis   (Schmidt,  1862) (Sponge)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Demospongiae


Synonym (s)
Cliona copiosa Sara, 1959
(Junior Synonym)
Cliona nigricans (Schmidt, 1862)
(Junior Synonym)
Cliona suberea (Schmidt, 1862)
(Junior Synonym)
Cliona subulata Sollas, 1878
Cliona tremitensis Sara, 1961
(Junior Synonym)
Osculina polystomella Schmidt, 1868
Papillina nigricans (Schmidt, 1868)
Papillina suberea Schmidt, 1862
Taguilla nigricans (Schmidt, 1862)
(Genus transfer & Junior Synonym)
Tapiliata nigricans (Schmidt, 1862)
(Genus transfer and Junior Synonym)
Tapiliata suberea (Schmidt, 1862)
(Junior Synonym)
Vioa viridis Schmidt, 1862

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Department of oceanography and fisheries, University of the Azores Available at -
  • Calcinai, B; Cerrano, C and Sara, M (2000) Boring sponges (Porifera, Demospongiae) from the Indian Ocean Italian Journal of Zoology 67 203-219 Available at -
  • James, PSBR; Gopinadha, CS; Thomas, PA; James, DB and Koya, S (1989) Environmental damage and consequences Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 43 212-227 Available at -
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at -
  • Thomas, PA (1989) Sponge fauna of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 150-161 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-21

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