Halophryne gangene   (Hamilton)  1822 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 200 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens lighter or darker brown. Back and sides of body and tail with irregular, large, dark blotches and marmorations. Second dorsal with alternating, oblique, light and dark bands, less distinct in adults. Anal with similar, but less regular bands. Rays of pectorals and caudal transversely striped dark and light, but as the stripes of adjoining rays are not always on the same level, the effect of the fin as a whole is more or less than of a chessboard. Ventrals light with dark markings.

Height 3.2-3.9, 3.8-4.8 in length with caudal. Head 2.4-2.5, 2.9-3 in length with caudal. Eye 5.9-8.3, 1.2-1.9 in snout and 1.4-2.4 in the almost flat interorbital space, which is comparatively wider in adults than in young and goes 3.6-4.6 in head. Mouth scarcely oblique. Maxillary reaching beyond hind border of eye in large specimens, to below hind border of eye in smaller ones. Pointed, conical teeth in about 3 rows near symphysis of jaws, in one row laterally, those of lower jaw larger than those of upper jaw. Still larger teeth in a single row on palatines, continuous with those on vomer which has a row of smaller teeth in front. Single and arborescent tentacles on snout, on superior orbital rim, along sensory canals, on preopercle, subopercle and opercle, and along lower jaw, more developed in adult than in young, 24-27 similar tentacles in a row along the lateral line on the back, and 21 in a line along belly from base of pectorals to base of caudal, between these rows a row of distant tentacles, not always distinct. Two short spines on opercle and two on subopercle. No axillary pore. First dorsal spine as long as eye, second one somewhat longer, third shortest, all spines covered by thick skin. Longest ray of second dorsal about equal to snout and eye, last ray connected by membrane to caudal peduncle near base of caudal. Anal somewhat less deep than second dorsal, the first and second rays very small. Pectorals rounded, less than postorbital part of head, ventrals slightly shorter. Caudal rounded. Gill openings shorter than base of pectorals.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Cottus grunniens Bloch 1786
Cottus grunniens Bloch Schneider 1801
Batrachoides gangene Hamilton Buchanan 1822
Batrachus grunniens Bleeker 1851
Batrachus grunniens Gunther 1872
Batrachus grunniens Steindachner 1869
Batrachus gangene Day 1876
Batrachus grunniens Steindachiner 1880
Batrachus gangene Vinciguerra 1890

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1962)

Literature Source(s)
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-03-12

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