Modiolus modiolus   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Mussel)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Bivalvia

Image copyrights: IMARES

Size: It reaches 5 to 15 cm in size.

It feeds on planktonic and minute detrital food items through either suspension or deposit feeding.

Separate sexes, usually not dimorphic in shell structure; fertilization occurs within the mantle cavity anf young hatch as pelagic larvae.

Synonym (s)
Modiola vulgaris Fleming, 1828
Modiola gigantea Clessin, 1889
Modiola grandis Philippi, 1844
Modiola papuana Lamarck, 1801
Modiolus kurilensis F. R. Bernard, 1983
Musculus modulus Roding, 1798
Mytilus curtus Pennant, 1777
Mytilus curvirostrus da Costa, 1778
Mytilus modiolus Linnaeus, 1758
Mytilus modiolus var. ovata Jeffreys, 1864
Mytilus umbilicatus Pennant, 1777
Volsella difficilis Kuroda & Habe, 1950

Common Name (s)
• horse mussel (English)
• northern horsemussel (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal


• Orissa, Chilika Lagoon (Lat: 19.46) (Long: 85.08) INDIA (Record: 07/2007-10/2007, 07/2008-10/2008)
• Orissa, Chilika Lagoon (Lat: 19.9) (Long: 85.63) INDIA (Record: 07/2007-10/2007, 07/2008-10/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kalpakkam INDIA (Record: 1987-1988)
• Tamil Nadu, Edaiyur Backwaters (Lat: 12.56) (Long: 80.18) INDIA (Record: 04/1988-03/1989)

Literature Source(s)
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Mahapatro, D; Panigrahy, RC; Panda, S and Mishra, RK (2009) Influence of monsoon on macrobenthic assemblage in outer channel area of Chilika lagoon, east coast of India. Journal of Wetlands Ecology Wetland Friends of Nepal (WFN) 3 56-67 Available at -
  • Sasikumar, N; Rajagopal, S and Nair, KVK (1989) Seasonal and vertical distribution of macrofoulants in Kalpakkam coastal waters Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18(4) 270-275 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajagopal, S; Azariah, J and Nair, KVK (1990) Ecology of fouling organisms in Edaiyur backwaters, Kalpakkam Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 23 (1) 29-41 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-07-01

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