Xenophora corrugata   (Reeve,  1842) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: Joop Trausel & Frans Slieker

Size: Height: 17.60 mm; maximum diameter: 26.80 mm.

Color: Whitish brown, base tinged with pale yellow and occassionally with brownish streaks.

Shell with base flattened, sculptured with oblique finely granulosa, closest transpiral threads; base with reticulation of intercrossing deeply curved radial and concentric threads which changes to be granular towards periphery. This species is easily recognisable by its conical shape with attachment of foreign particles of shells, stones and other debris regularly on the edges of the whorls.

Synonym (s)
Phorus corrugatus Reeve, 1842
Xenophora corrugata Tryon, 1886

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Reef Associated, Sandy


• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam Camp INDIA (Record: 31/01/1975)
• West Coast, Malabar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.13) INDIA (Record: 04/1994-09/1994)

Literature Source(s)
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Mookherjee, HP (1985) Contributions to the Molluscan fauna of India, Part III. Marine molluscs of the Coromandel coast, Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar - Gastropoda: Mesogastropoda (Part-2) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no. 75 ZSI, Calcutta 93 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Ramesh, DA; Jeyabaskaran, R and Pandian, ALP (1996) Gastropods and bivalves associated with reef building corals, Palk Bay, southeastern India Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication Phuket marine biology Center 16 257-260 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7666/1/669._Asi.pdf
  • Natural History Museum Rotterdam Available at - http://www.nmr-pics.nl/
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/

Page last updated on:2011-03-22

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