Gonodactylus chiragra   (Fabricius,  1781) (Mantis Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Stomatopoda
Family:Gonodactylidae

Image copyrights: Regents of the University of California

Description
Size: Max length 10.5 cm TL (male)

Anterolateral angles of rostrum rounded. Ocular scales large. All six carinae of 6th abdominal semite broad, each ending in a posterior spine. Telson broader than long, mid-dorsal carinae broad, anchor present. Marginal teeth on telson 3 pairs: submedians with movable apices, intermediates broad and blunt, laterals ill formed. Terminal part of dactylus of raptorial claw slender and the tip inturned.

Sexual dimorphism, males have dark greenish coloration while females are whitish green.


Synonym (s)
Gonodactylus chiragra Kemp, 1913
Gonodactylus chiragra Shanbhogue, 1969
Squilla chiragra Fabricius, 1781

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal
Prey:  Gastropods, hermit crabs, other crustaceans and mollusks

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 8) (Long: 93.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Paulson, O (1961) Studies on Crustacea of the Red Sea The Israel Program for Scientific Translations 1-164 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Ghosh, HC (1990) Crustacea: Stomatopoda State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 199-212 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Caldwell, R Roy's list of stomatopods for the aquarium Available at - http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/arthropoda/crustacea/malacostraca/eumalacostraca/royslist/index.html#directory
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-31

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