Larus brunnicephalus   Jerdon,  1840 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Laridae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 42-46 cm.

Voice: A loud harsh kyaaar.

Habits: Gregarious, scavenger on sea generally feeds and roosts with Pariah and Brahminy kites and Black-headed Gull.

Sexes alike. Medium-sized gull with a white patch (mirror) near the tips of black primaries, deep red bill, legs and feet. Non-breeding (winter): Head white with a vertical black crescent mark on ear-coverts. Breeding (summer): Head dark brown, remaining upperparts grey except white tail, underparts white.

Nesting: Breeds in colonies in Ladakh and Tibet, in bogs around Rhamtso, Manasarovar, Rakhas Tal and other lakes, June/July.


Synonym (s)
Larus brunicephalus Ali & Ripley, 1969
Larus brunicephalus Jerdon, 1840

Common Name (s)
• Brown Headed Gull (English)
• Indian Black-headed Gull (English)
• Ganga Chila
• Brownheaded Gull (English)
• Dhomra (Hindi)
• Brown-Headed Gull
• Bhuri ganga chilli (Hindi)
• Babhru shirsha gangachilli (Sanskrit)
• Dhomdo, Ladakhi dhomado (Gujrati)
• Tapkiri dokyacha kurav (Marathi)
• Kadal kagam (Tamil)
• Gourukaki (Telugu)
• Kadalpatta (Malayalam)
• Brown-headed Gull (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous, on Carcass and fish waste, prawns on seaboard, inland on insects, worms, grubs, slugs and also shoots of various crops.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• BANGLADESH
• SRI LANKA
• MALDIVES
• Goa, Velsao beach INDIA (Record: 20/12/1980)
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Arambol INDIA
• Goa, Mandrem INDIA
• Goa, Morjim beach INDIA
• Goa, Santa Cruz INDIA
• Goa, Chorao INDIA
• Goa, Divar INDIA
• Goa, Betul estuary INDIA
• INDIA
• BANGLADESH
• PAKISTAN
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi estuary INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Point Calimere INDIA
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA
• Arunachal Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Fauna of Tripura (part-1) vertebrates ZSI, Kolkata 365 pp
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
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  • Khan, RA (2002) The ecology and faunal diversity of two floodplain Ox Bow lakes of south eastern West Bengal Occasional paper no. 195 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 20821 Available at - NCL, Pune
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  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
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  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
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Page last updated on:2012-06-28

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