Anous stolidus   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Sternidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 42 cm.

Voice: Low harsh karrk, kraa.

Habits: Do not plunge for fish, feed largely by following schools of small fish which are being attacked by some submarine predator, they congregate in groups on such feeding centres, also feed on moonlit nights.

Adult: Sexes alike, summer and winter plumage also alike. A tern-like bird, with smoky chocolate-brown upperparts, white forehead and grey crown, blackish brown wedge-shaped tail, underparts darker. Juvenile: With browner forehead and crown, indistinct pale buff fringes to mantle, scapulars and coverts.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Brown Noddy (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Open Sea, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Carnivorous, mainly fish.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at - http://www.sanctuaryasia.com/resources/speciechklist/bird.php
  • Tikader, BK (1984) Birds of Andaman and Nicobar Island ZSI, Kolkata 1-167 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/

Page last updated on:2013-02-11

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