Vanadis formosa   Claperede,  1870 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Polychaeta

Size: Length 200-300 mm by 5-6 mm

Color: Transparent with red eyes; brown segmental glands.

Body very long, 200 segments or more. Median tentacle cirriform; two pairs of lateral tentacles alike. 2 large spherical eyes directed downwards. Proboscis long, with trilobed papillae and 2 lateral, very long, cirriform ones. 3 pairs of tentacular cirri, the first longer. First pair of feet reduced to dorsal and ventral cirri. 2 pairs of seminal pouches in the female. Feet from the 2nd, in male and 3rd in female, with a heart shaped elongate dorsal and ventral cirrus, a long cirriform process, a jutting aciculum and long cirriform process, a jutting aciculum and long compound setae with a slender terminal piece. Prostomium not projecting in front of eyes.

Synonym (s)
Vanadis formosa Claperede, 1870
Vanadis formosa Dales & Peter, 1972
Vanadis formosa Fauvel, 1953
Vanadis formosa Hartman, 1974
Vanadis formosa Monro, 1937
Alciopa longirhyncha Greeff, 1885
(Heterotypic synonym)
Vanadis fuscapunctata Treadwell, 1906
(Heterotypic synonym)
Vanadis greeffiana Grube, 1877
(Heterotypic synonym)
Vanadis latocirrata Apstein, 1891
(Heterotypic synonym)
Vanadis longicauda Apstein, 1891
(Heterotypic synonym)
Vanadis pelagica Greeff, 1876
(Heterotypic synonym)
Vanadis uncinata Treadwell, 1942
(Heterotypic synonym)
Vanadis formosa Fauvel, 1923a

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Pelagic


• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters (Lat: 9.97) (Long: 76.22) INDIA
• Arabian Sea
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 75.1) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at -
  • Conway, DVP; White, RG; Hugues-Dit-Ciles, J; Gallienne, CP and Robins, DB (2003) Guide to the coastal and surface zooplankton of the south western Indian Ocean Occasional publication no 15 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Occasional Publication of the Marine Biological association of the United Kingdom 354 pp Available at -
  • Sheeba, P Distribution of benthic infauna in the Cochin backwaters in relation to environmental parameters (Ph. D thesis-Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India) 241 pp Available at - Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at -
  • Boltovskoy, D (Ed.) Zooplankton of the South Atlantic Ocean Marine Species Identification Portal Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-09-14

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