Paramphinome indica   Fauvel,  1932 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Amphinomida
Family:Amphinomidae

Description
Size: Length 15-20 mm by 4-5 mm

Body cylindrical, slightly flattened anteriorly. Prostomium eyeless, globular, rounded anteriorly, very slightly bilobed backwards, with a very small oval or triangular caruncle set into the first segment. Two filiform lateral tentacles; median tentacle long, raised, inserted at the back. Palpostyles tentacle-like. On the first setigerous segment a long dorsal cirrus and a slightly shorter ventral one, and in front of the setae, two strong, curved, transparent hooks. No ventral cirrus on the second setigerous segment; on the third and the following ones both a dorsal and a ventral cirrus. Branchiae 0-13 pairs, from the 4th setigerous to the 13th-16th; they are very large, entirely covering the body and feet, divided into many branches bearing lateral filaments, simple or bifurcate. Both rami wide apart. In the posterior abranchiate region, of 10-13 segments, a short blunt dorsal process, with a long cirrus and a tuft of capillary setae, a larger ventral ramus with two fillets, an anterior conical, and a posterior rounded, a little shorter; a ventral cirrus and a very long setae. Dorsal setae of two kinds:
(1) large, straight, harpoon shaped bristles,
(2) long and slender capillary.
Ventral setae also of two types:
(1) short, with tip of the shaft bifurcate, one of the limbs large, curved, serrated, the other much smaller, slender and smooth and
(2) longer and slender serrate setae, with a small basal spur.
Acicula hastate. Anus terminal.


Synonym (s)
Paramphinome indica Fauvel, 1953
Paramphinome indica Hartman, 1959
Paramphinome indica Hartman, 1974

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal

Biogeography


• Arabian Sea
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA (Depth: -(1611.17-1629.46) mts)
• Arabian Sea (Depth: -969.26 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/

Page last updated on:2010-07-15

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