Eurythoe parvecarunculata   Horst,  1912 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Amphinomida
Family:Amphinomidae

Description
Size: Length 30-220 mm by 3-14 mm

Branchiae commencing on the third segment. Rounded cephalic lobe with a large heart shaped papal part and four eyes; upon its posterior border it bears a long unpaired antenna; the two anterior antennae are much shorter. The subulate palpo-styles of the palps are somewhat shorter than the lateral antennae. The caruncle is a small oval process only extending over the first segment. The strongly ramified branchiae are most developed in the anterior part of the body, decreasing posteriorly. The acicula have an elongated oval tip. Dorsal setae of two kinds:
(1) slender elongated, bifurcated, with a long limb smooth or coarsely denticulated along its internal border and a short limb often reduced to a mere spur, and
(2) short, stout, harpoon-shaped bristles.
Ventral setae furcate, with the longer limb bent backwards and provided with a few faint denticulations. They are associated with a few slender elongate setae with a spur-like short limb and a long smooth, or faintly denticulate.


Synonym (s)
Eurythoe parvecarunculata Fauvel, 1951
Eurythoe parvecarunculata Hartman, 1959
Eurythoe parvecarunculata Kiseleva, 1971
Eurythoe heterotricha Potts, 1909
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Sandy

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Red Sea
• Gulf of Aden
• INDONESIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• MALDIVES
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA (Record: 02/1968)
• Orissa, Off Chilika Lake INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar, Malacca Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Parulekar, AH; Dhargalkar, VK and Singbal, SYS (1980) Benthic studies in Goa estuaries: Part III- Annual cycle of macrofaunal distribution, production and trophic relations Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 9 189-200 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Parulekar, AH (1971) Polychaetes from Maharashtra and Goa Journal of Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 68(3) 726-749 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tampi, PRS and Rangarajan, K (1964) Some polychaetous Annelids from the Andaman waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 6(1) 98-123 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1007/1/Article_10.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-05

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