Falco peregrinus   Tunstall,  1771 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Josef Hlasek

Size: 38-48 cm; Length 41-51 cm; Wingspan 91-112 cm.

Voice: Hoarse kwaeb, kek-kek, chirr-r-r.

Habits: Seen singly or in pairs, feeds on waterfowl, pigeons, partridges and other birds, preys actively at dawn and dusk.

Sexes alike, female larger. Adult: Prominent slaty-black head, gery upperparts barred with blackish, black cheek stripes contrasting with white chin and throat. Juvenile: Dark brown above and darkest on head, rufous-white below.

Nesting: Season- March to May. Nest- a plat-form of twigs, grass, etc. on a ledge on a cliff-face. Eggs- 2 or 3, variable, pinkish buff to pinkish red marked lightly or heavily with dark brick-red or purplish.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Peregrine Falcon (English)
• Shahin Falcon (English)
• Shahin (Hindi)
• Kohi (Hindi)
• Koela (Hindi)
• Peregrine (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Waterbirds.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Goa, Cumbarjua canal INDIA
• Goa, Baga INDIA
• Goa, Chapora estuary INDIA
• Goa, Cabo de Rama INDIA (Record: 13/08/2002)
• Goa INDIA (Record: 27/11/1972, 12/12/1972)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at - http://www.sanctuaryasia.com/resources/speciechklist/bird.php
  • Tikader, BK (1984) Birds of Andaman and Nicobar Island ZSI, Kolkata 1-167 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-16

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