Phallusia nigra   Savigny,  1816 (Sea Squirt)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Ascidiacea
Order:Phlebobranchia
Family:Ascidiidae

Image copyrights: Hawaii Biological Survey, Bishop Museum

Description
Max. size: 10.0 cm NG (male)

Color: Black, brown


Synonym (s)
Ascidia atra Lesueur, 1823
Ascidia somaliensis Sluiter, 1905
Phallusia atra (Lesueur, 1823)
Phallusia violacea Gould, 1852
Phallusiopsis nigra (Savigny, 1816)
Thallusia nigra (Savigny, 1816)
(Misspelling)
Tunica nigra (Savigny, 1816)
Ascidia nigra (Savigny, 1816)
Ascidia somalensis Sluiter, 1905

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 06/2002-05/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Harbour INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Anil, AC; Venkata, K; Dileepkumar, M; Ramaiah, N; Harkantra, SN and Ansari, ZA (2002) Marine bioinvasion: Concern for ecology and shipping Current Science 83(3) Available at - http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/aug102002/214.pdf
  • Rao, DVS (2005) Comprehensive review of the records of the biota of the Indian Seas and the introduction of non-indigenous species Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. 15(2) 117-146 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aqc.659
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Abdul, JAH and Sivakumar, V (2007) Occurrence and distribution of ascidians in Vizhinjam Bay (south west coast of India) Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 342(1) 189-190 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2006.10.041
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Ramkumar, R and Edward, JKP (2004) Recruitment of epibenthic communities on artificial reefs in Tuticorin coastal waters, southeast coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 46(1) 108-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Guidebook of introduced marine species of Hawaii Bishop Museum and University of Hawaii Available at - http://www2.bishopmuseum.org/HBS/invertguide/index.htm
  • Jaffar Ali, AH; Sivakumar, V and Tamilselvi, M (2009) Distribution of Alien and Cryptogenic Ascidians along the Southern Coasts of Indian Peninsula World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 1(4) 305-312 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms1%284%2909/9.pdf
  • Meenakshi, VK; Renganathan, TK; Senthamarai, S and Jeyalakshmi, J (2003) Marine biodiversity - Taxonomy of Indian Ascidians Technical report Available at - Biodiversity Informatics Group, NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-02-22

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