Lycastis indica [Status Unaccepted]   Southern,  1921 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Syllidae

Description
Size: Length 12-150 mm by 2-5 mm.

Color: Reddish brown pigment in the anterior part of the body, increasing in redness and density towards the tail.

Longitudinal groove of the head ending in a pit; eyes situated more or less in a line and provided with lenses. Dorsal cirri rather narrow, length and breadth varying materially; they are very long and recurved on the back in the posterior region. Dorsal setae missing or very few 1-2, rarely more. Terminal piece of the falcate setae long and narrow, but thick. Hemigomph and heterogomph spinigerous setae.


Synonym (s)
Lycastis indica Southern, 1921
Lycastis indica Fauvel, 1932
Lycastis indica Fauvel, 1953

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Gangetic Delta (Lat: 7.21) (Long: 93.78) INDIA
• Karnataka, Gangavali Estuary (Lat: 15.58) (Long: 74.25) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• INDIA (Record: 1953)
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary (Lat: 15.72) (Long: 73.7) INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters (Lat: 9.97) (Long: 76.22) INDIA
• West Bengal, Kolkata INDIA (Record: 1953, 2001)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1953)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 1953, 2001)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA (Record: 1953, 2001)
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1974-03/1976)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1981)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Fauvel, P (1941) On a small collection of Annelida Polychaeta of the Indian Museum, Calcutta Records of the Indian Museum ZSI, Calcutta 42 253-268 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Southern, R (1921) Fauna of the Chilka lake (Polychaeta of the Chilka lake and also of fresh and brackish waters in other parts of India) Memoirs of the Indian Museum Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Dhargalkar, V and Ingole, B (2005) Survey of inventorization of coastal biodiversity at three estuarine sites along the central west coast of India 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, AS and Murugesan, P (2005) Polychaete diversity in Indian estuaries Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 114-119 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1548
  • Sheeba, P Distribution of benthic infauna in the Cochin backwaters in relation to environmental parameters (Ph. D thesis-Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India) 241 pp Available at - Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Pillai, NGK (2001) On some benthic polychaetes from Cochin Estuary Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 120-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, RS (2001) Biodiversity and affinity of polychaetous annelids within the mangrove ecosystem of Indo-Pacific region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 206-213 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarala Devi, K., Jayalakshmi, KV and Venugopal, P. (1991) Communities and coexistance of benthose in northern limb of Cochin backwaters Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20 249-254 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Martin, GD; Nisha, PA; Balachandran, KK; Madhu, NV; Nair, M; Shaiju, P; Joseph, T; Srinivas, K; and Gupta, GVM (2011) Eutrophication induced changes in benthic community structure of a flow-restricted tropical estuary (Cochin backwaters), India Environ Monit Assess Springer Science 176 427–438 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1594-1
  • Ghosh, A (1963) On a collection of polychaeta from the south-east coast of India with a new eunicid record Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 5(2) 239-245 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Panikkar, NK and Aiyar, RG (1937) The brackish water fauna of Madras Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India 6(5) 284-337 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-07

Back to Search