Hirundichthys coromandelensis   (Hornell,  1923) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Max length 19.0 cm SL (male/unsexed)

Color: Back deep metallic blue, pale silvery below. Dorsal and caudal fins dusky; anal fins colorless; pelvic fins slightly dusky in their outer half; pectoral fins deep purplish with a fairly large unpigmented or lightly pigmented area in the centre which usually extends up to the lower margin, a white margin on trailing edge of fin.

Body elongate and thick, somewhat flattened ventrally. Snout shorter than eye, blunt; teeth conical, in 3 or 4 irregular rows in jaws; palatine teeth absent. Dorsal fin low, rays at anterior end, the longer with 9 to 12 soft rays. Anal fin with 10 to 12 soft rays, its origin under 1 or 2 rays behind dorsal fin origin. Pectoral fins strikingly long, extending beyond last ray of dorsal fin, only first ray unbranched. Pelvic fins large, reaching to middle of anal fin base. Scales large, 45 to 50 in lateral series; predorsal scales 29 to 32.

Synonym (s)
Cypsilurus coromandelensis Hornell, 1923
Hirundichthys (Hirundichthys) coromandelensis Vijayraghavan, 1973
Cypselurus coromandelensis Hornell, 1923
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Indian Flyingfish (English)
• Coromandel Flyingfish (English)
• Kola (Tamil)
• Paravai Kola (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Pelagic


• Arabian Sea
• Bay of Bengal
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Pondicherry INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Muraenidae-Eel Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-19

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