Lissocarcinus orbicularis   Dana,  1852 (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Portunidae

Image copyrights: FLMNH

Description
Carapace slightly broader than long, sub-circular, convex with thin edges, dorsal surface strongly convex medially. Front projecting a little beyond the supra-orbital angles, arched, entire though dorsally concave in the middle line, its breadth is between a half and a third the greatest breadth of the carapace. Anterolateral borders curved, divided into five lobes or rather broad flat puckers. Orbits small, their major diameter is about a fourth the width of the inter-orbital space. Antennal flagella short. Chelipeds a little longer than the carapace. Inner angle of wrist dentiform. Upper surface of hand with two carinae, each ending in a blunt tooth, there is also a little tubercle in front of the apex of the wrist joint and an obscure ridge along the outer surface. Fingers stout, a little shorter than the palm, the dactylus sharply carinate dorsally. Legs stout, slightly shorter than the chelipeds, the merus of the last pair is about twice as long as broad and its posterior border, like that of the propodite is smooth.

Crabs are symbiotically associated with various species of sea cucumbers.


Synonym (s)
Lissocarcinus pulchellus Muller, 1887

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Alcock, A (1968) Materials for a carcinological fauna of India the Brachyura Oxyrhyncha The Baptist Mission Press 1 1-456 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Debelius, H (2001) Crustacea Guide of the world 11-318 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Florida Museum of Natural History Available at - http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2005) Brachyuran diversity of coral reef ecosystems in India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 220-231 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • James, DB (1983) Research on Indian echinoderms-A review Journal of Marine Biological association of India The Marine Biological Association of India. 25(1&2) 91-108 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1294/1/James_91-108.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-17

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