Cymo andreossyi   (Audouin,  1826) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Xanthidae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Carapace narrower, antero-lateral borders somewhat granular, edge of front irregularly denticulate; fingers white.
Carapace sub-circular; surface flat, covered with short pubescence. Progastric region with large granules arranged in transverse series. Dorsal border of orbit granulated, inner angle and orbital region covered with larger granules. Outer angle obtusely round, ventral border of orbit bearing large, acute teeth, with inner angle sharp but the outer one obtuse. Chelipeds quite asymmetrical, covered with tomenta and dentiform granules along anterior margin. Carpus with acute barb at the inner-distal angle. Finger white and with 2 stout barbs on each inner margin, but lacking barb at smaller cheliped.

This species is found both in the live and dead branching corals of coral Pacillopora, Acropora and Montipora. Compared to the occurrence its compatriote Cymo melanodactylus, this species found in large numbers.


Synonym (s)
Cymo andreossyi maculata Klunzinger, 1913
Pilumnus andreossyi Audouin, 1826

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Manoli Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Neill Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 72.16) INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep Islands (Lat: 11.68) (Long: 73.68) INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Alcock, A (1968) Materials for a carcinological fauna of India the Brachyura Oxyrhyncha The Baptist Mission Press 1 1-456 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2394/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Gokul, A and Venkataraman, K (2005) Status and biology of coral associated Xanthid crabs in Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 142-147 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2005) Brachyuran diversity of coral reef ecosystems in India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 220-231 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sankarankutty, C. (1962) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands : 2. Family Xanthidae Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 4(1) 121-150 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/911/1/Article_11.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Rao, GS; Suseelan, C and Kathirvel, M (1989) Crustacean resources of the Lakshadweep islands Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 72-76 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-07

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