Phymodius monticulosus   (Dana,  1852) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Xanthidae

Description
Carapace less than 1.5 times as broad as long; 2 M is longitudinally divided; wrist and palm of cheliped nodular. Sculpture of carapace worn; chelipeds with irregular nodules, that do not usually reach more than half way along hand.
Carapace thick, and distinctly convex its anterior two-thirds; the regions and sub-regions are all distinct and convex, but the depressions that separate them are all distinct convex. Front bilobed, the outer angle of each lobe well defined. The four teeth of the antero-lateral margin are blunt and rounded the first two being very much worn. Chelipeds unequal-more so than in Phymodius ungulatus. Arm with two or three coarse denticles on the anterior border, the posterior border being rugose. Upper and outer surface of wrist nodular. Legs as in Phymodius ungulatus, but the spinules are coarser and blunter.


Synonym (s)
Chlorodius monticulosus Dana, 1852
Phymodius monticulosus A.Milne Edwards, 1868
Phymodius obscurus A.Milne Edwards, 1873
Chlorodius monticulosus Dana, 1852a
Phymodius monticulosus (Dana, 1852)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulli Island INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Phoenix Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Alcock, A (1968) Materials for a carcinological fauna of India the Brachyura Oxyrhyncha The Baptist Mission Press 1 1-456 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2394/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2005) Brachyuran diversity of coral reef ecosystems in India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 220-231 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-10

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