Ceratium macroceros [Status Unaccepted]   (Ehrenberg) Vanhoffen,  1897 (Dinoflagellate)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Myzozoa
Class: Peridinea
Order:Gonyaulacida
Family:Ceratiaceae

Image copyrights: All Enthusiast, Inc.

Description
Cells contain numerous yellow-brown chloroplasts. Cells are dorso-ventrally flattened with open horns. The epitheca is rounded with a sharp transition to the long, straight, slender anterior horn. The hypotheca is extending into two antapical horns at its posterior edges. They emerge in a posterior direction, but after curving, are directed anteriorly, nearly parallel with the anterior horn. The thecal plates are ornamented. Plates in the central area on the ventral side are very delicate. The nucleus is situated in the epicone.
Plate formula: 4` 5`` 4c 5``` 2```` plus ventral plates and reduced sulcal plates.


Synonym (s)
Peridinium macroceros Ehrenberg, 1840
(Homotypic synonym)
Ceratium gallicum Kofoid, 1907
Ceratium tripos macroceros Karsten, 1906
Ceratium tripos var. macroceros Gourret, 1883

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA (Record: 11/1979-10/1980)
• Karnataka, Netravati Estuary INDIA (Record: 02/1993-05/1994)
• Tamil Nadu, Kaduviyar estuary INDIA (Record: 10/2005-09/2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA (Record: 07/2008-12/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Keelakarai INDIA (Record: 07/2008-12/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedaranyam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.39) INDIA (Record: 10/2007-03/2010)
• Tamil Nadu, Vedaranyam (Lat: 10.82) (Long: 79.88) INDIA (Record: 10/2007-03/2010)
• East Coast (Lat: 10) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-08/2002)
• East Coast (Lat: 21) (Long: 94) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-08/2002)

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Madhav, GV and Kondalarao, B (2004) Distribution of phytoplankton in the coastal waters of east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 33(3) 262-268 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/1678/1/IJMS%2033%283%29%20262-268.pdf
  • Subrahmanyan, R (1968) The Dinophyceae of the Indian seas Memoir II, Part I Marine Biological Association of India, India 118 pp Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2446/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Gowda, G; Gupta, TRC; Rajesh, KM; Gowda, H; Lingadhal, C and Ramesh, AM (2001) Seasonal distribution of phytoplankton in Nethravathi estuary, Mangalore Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 31-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Plankton*Net Data Provider at the Alfred Wegener Insitute for Polar and Marine Research Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10013/de.awi.planktonnet
  • Steidinger, KA and Tangen, K (1997) Dinoflagellates Identifying marine phytoplankton Academic Press, San Diego, USA 387-584 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zhong, Z (1989) Marine planktology Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo 454 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Devassy, VP; and Goes, JI (1988) Phytoplankton Community Structure and Succession in a Tropical Estuarine Complex (Central West Coast of India) Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Academic Press 27(6) 671-685 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0272-7714(88)90074-1
  • Perumal, NV; Rajkumar, M; Perumal, P and Rajasekar, KT (2009) Seasonal variations of plankton diversity in the Kaduviyar estuary, Nagapattinam, southeast coast of India Journal of Environmental Biology Academy of Environmental Biology 30(6) 1035-1046 Available at - www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200911_nov09/paper_19.pdf
  • Anantharaman, P; Thirumaran, G; Arumugam, R; Kannan, RR; Hemalatha, A; Kannathasan, A; Sampathkumar, P and Balasubramanian, T (2010) Monitoring of Noctiluca bloom in Mandapam and Keelakarai coastal waters, southeast coast of India Recent Research in Science and Technology 2(10) 51-58 Available at - http://recent-science.com/article/viewFile/4386/2174
  • Rajkumar, M; Perumal, P; Prabu, VA; Perumal, NV and Rajasekar, KT (2009) Phytoplankton diversity in Pichavaram mangrove waters from south-east coast of India Journal of Environmental Biology Triveni Enterprises 30(4) 489-498 Available at - http://www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200907_jul09/paper_04.pdf
  • Manikannan, R; Asokan, S and Ali, AHMS (2011) Studies on species composition of plankton in the great Vedaranyam swamp of the Point Calimere wildlife sanctuary, Tamil Nadu, India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI 3(4) 283-289 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms3(4)11/4.pdf
  • Advancing the science of limnology and oceanography Available at - http://www.aslo.org/photopost/index.php

Page last updated on:2012-03-01

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