Micippa philyra   (Herbst,  1803) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Majidae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Basal Segment of antenna granulated and dilated, broadened anteriorly as well as ventrally. Anterolateral border with four to six knobbed spinules.
Body and ambulatory legs closely covered by a woolly tomentum. Carapace with the regions well defined by smooth sulci, the surface closely and unevenly granular. The lateral margins are armed with knob-tipped spinules, of which there are sometimes as many as six, sometimes as few as two on either side. The rostrum consists of a broad lamina which in the female is quite vertically, but in males is not so much deflexed, its sides are gently sinuous, and it ends in four sharp-cut lobes. The eyes are completely retractile within the orbits. The basal antennal joint is short and is extremely broad anteriorly. The chelipeds in certain males, both adult and young are stouter than the carapace, are quite smooth, are rather slenderer than the other the other legs, are very variably granular. In all females they are a little shorter than the carapace, are quite smooth, are rather slenderer than the other legs, and have slender palms, and fingers that are closely apposable in the greater part of their extent. The ambulatory legs are moderately stout and are hairy. The 1st pair, which are longer than the chelipeds. The others decrease gradually in length.

Male dimorphism (variation in secondary sexual characters) observed in this species.


Synonym (s)
Micippa mascarenica Kossm, 1885
Micippa spatulifrons A.Milne Edwards, 1872
Micippa superciliosa Haswell, 1879
Cancer philyra Herbst, 1803
Micippa mascarenica nodulifera Baker, 1905
Micippa philyra var. mascarenica Kossmann, 1877
Paramicippa asperimanus Miers, 1884

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy (Lat: 8.12) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10.5) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Alcock, A (1968) Materials for a carcinological fauna of India the Brachyura Oxyrhyncha The Baptist Mission Press 1 1-456 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Sankarankutty, C (1961) On some crabs (Decapoda, Brachyura) from the Laccadive Archipelago Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 3(1-2) 120-136 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2394/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2005) Brachyuran diversity of coral reef ecosystems in India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 220-231 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-03

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