Hemirhamphus gaimardi   Valenciennes,  1847 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Beloniformes
Family:Hemiramphidae

Image copyrights: BdFISH Bangla

Description
Size: 31.2 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens yellowish, with a rather narrow lateral silvery band, bordered above by a black line. Fins hyaline, upper and frontborder of dorsal, and upper, lower and posterior border of caudal blackish.

Somewhat compressed, the breadth of the body going 1.2-1.4 in its height. Height 8.2-11, 10-13 in length with caudal. Length of lower jaw beyond extremity of upper jaw 5.6-6 in length, 6.4-7 in length with caudal. Eye about 1.5 in postorbital part of head and about equal to interorbital space. Triangular part of upper jaw, formed by intermaxillaries, broader than long. Praeorbital somewhat longer than high, shorter than eye. Teeth conspicuously tricuspid, in bands of 5-6 rows in the jaws, that of the lower jaw widening posteriorly. Origin of anal about opposite to that of dorsal, which is separated by 31-34 scales from occiput and by 5-6 scales from lateral line. Dorsal and anal concave, their anterior rays the longer. Base of dorsal not much longer than that of anal. Pectorals about equal to head without snout or a little longer. Length of ventrals about 5/8 of that of pectorals, their rays subequal. Base of ventrals about midway between frontborder of eye and base of caudal. Caudal deeply emarginate.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Hemiramphus Gaimardi Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846
Hemiramphus tridentifer Cantor, 1850
Hemiramphus Gaimardi Bleeker, 1852
Hemirhamphus gaimardi Gunther, 1866
Hemiramphus gaimardi Kner, 1867
Hemirhamphus Gaimardi Bleeker, 1872
Hemirhamphus limbatus Day, 1888
Hemirhamphus gaimardi Seale, 1910
Hemiramphus limbatus Fowler, 1918
Hemirhamphus gaimardi Mc Culloch, 1919

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.67) (Long: 80.17) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove INDIA (Record: 04/1980-03/1982)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)

Literature Source(s)
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at - http://aucasmbenvis.org/files/04-Publications/lagoon%20status.pdf
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Chandrasekaran, VS (2000) Relationship between plankton and finfish and shellfish juveniles in Pichavaram mangrove waterways, south east coast of India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu 22 (1 & 2) 199-207 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1634/2/Article_15.pdf
  • Bangladesh Fisheries Information Share Home Available at - http://en.bdfish.org/

Page last updated on:2011-04-07

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