Hippocampus histrix   Kaup,  1853 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 14.2 - 18 cm TL

Color: Pattern, base color variable, including pale pink, yellow or green, spines often dark tipped, may have pale 'saddles', often filled with small dark spots, across dorsolateral surfaces, snout not striped.

Adult height: 7.9-13.5cm. Rings: 11 + 35 (34-37). Snout length: 1.7-2.0 in head length. Coronet: medium, with four or five very long, very sharp spines. Spines, extremely long and sharp, all spines well-developed. Other distinctive characters, very long snout (more than 1/2 head length), single cheek spine, dorsal fin base very short, always has at least as many pectoral as dorsal fin rays (whereas most species have more dorsal fin rays), sharp ventral keel, prominent spine in front of coronet. Dorsal fin rays: 17 (15-18) covering 2+1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 18 (17-20).

Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail.

Similar species: H. angustus, H. barbouri, H. jayakari, H. spinosissimus

Synonym (s)
Hippocampus histrix Kaup 1856
Hippocampus hystrix Gunther 1870
Hippocampus hystrix Dumeril 1870
Hippocampus hystrix Day 1888
Hippocampus hystrix Gunther 1910
Hippocampus hystrix Kaup, 1856
Hippocamphus hystrix Kaup, 1856

Common Name (s)
• Thorny Seahorse (English)
• Kuthirameen (Malayalam)
• Sea Horse (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Use in traditional Chinese medicine is increasing with the rise in patent medicines. Not common in the aquarium trade.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Red Sea (Record: 1995)
• Gulf of Oman (Record: 1995)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman INDIA (Record: 1922)
• BANGLADESH (Record: 2004)
• COMOROS (Record: 2004)
• KENYA (Record: 2004)
• MADAGASCAR (Record: 2004)
• MOZAMBIQUE (Record: 2004)
• MYANMAR (Record: 2004)
• SEYCHELLES (Record: 2004)
• SINGAPORE (Record: 2004)
• SRI LANKA (Record: 2004)
• INDONESIA (Record: 2004)
• MAURITIUS (Record: 2004)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)

Literature Source(s)
  • Checklist of fish and invertebrates listed in the CITES appendices and in EC regulation no. 338/97 Available at - http://www.ukcites.gov.uk/pdf_files/FishInvertebrates6.pdf
  • Matyot Pat (2001) New records for some vertebrates in Seychelles Phelsuma 9 71-74 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Garpe, KC and Ohman, MC (2003) Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island marine park Tanzania fish habitat interactions Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 498 191-211 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lourie, SA; Foster, SJ; Cooper, EWT and Vincent, ACJ (2004) A guide to the identification of Seahorses Project Seahorse and TRAFFIC North America. Washington D.C.: University of British Columbia and World Wildlife Fund. 1-114 Available at - http://seahorse.fisheries.ubc.ca
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/Mahasagar/Mahasagar_V-18/Mahasagar_18%284%29_489.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-01

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