Tethya robusta   Bowerbank,  1873 (Sponge)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Order:Hadromerida
Family:Tethyidae

Description
Size: 2 cm

Color: Orange, yellow or beige, dull white when dry.

Spherical; Surface divided into raised polygonal areas separated by inhalant channels. Tough pinkish-orange rind, 2-3 mm thick, over a softer mustard gold interior with tough radiating spicule tracts.


Synonym (s)
Donatia robusta Burton, 1924
Donatia japonica var. albanensis Hentschel, 1909
(Junior Synonym)
Tethea robusta Bowerbank, 1873
Donatia arabica Topsent, 1906
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Golfball Sponge (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Kerala, Kovalam INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Russell, FE and Nagabhushanam, R (1996) Minor phyla in the venomous and poisonous marine invertebrates of the Indian Ocean 1-271 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Thomas, PA (1973) Marine Demospongiae of Mahe Island in the Seychelles bank (Indian Ocean) 35065 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Pattanayak, JG (2006) Marine sponges of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Records of the Zoological Survey of India- Occasional Paper No: 255 Zoological Survey of India 164
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Thomas, PA (1980) Demospongiae of Minicoy island (Indian ocean)-Part 3 orders Halichondrida, Hadromerida, Epipolasida and Choristida The journal of marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 22(1&2) 8-20 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Thomas, PA (1989) Sponge fauna of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 150-161 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-21

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