Phialucium carolinae   (Mayer,  1900) (Hydrozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Hydrozoa
Order:Leptothecata
Family:Phialuciidae

Image copyrights: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo

Description
Umbrella nearly hemispherical, with fairly thick jelly at apex; usually four but sometimes three to five, or more than radial canals; gonads linear, along the distal half of radial canals; 16-36 tentacles between every two tentacles usually three rudimentary tentacular bulbs, the middle one the largest; three to six statocysts, each usually containing two statoliths.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 7.24) (Long: 93.74) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA
• Exclusive Economic Zone INDIA (Record: 1986-1990) (Depth: 150 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Vannucci, M and Navas, D (1973) Distribution of Hydromedusae in the Indian Ocean Ecological studies- Analysis & Synthesis 3 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beebe, CW (1910) XXVII. Catalogue of the pheasants, peafowl, jungle fowl and spur fowl in the Indian Museum Records of the Indian Museum ZSI 5(Part IV) 263-275 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Santhakumari, V (1993) A study of Medusae from Andaman and Nicobar waters The Journal of the Zoological Society of Kerala 3(1) 37-43 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Michel, HB; Behbehani, M and Herring, D (1986) Zooplankton of the western Arabian Gulf south of Kuwait waters Kuwait Bulletin of Marine Science 8(1435) 13150 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Panikkar, NK (1973) Hand book to the international zooplankton collections Volume. 5 Indian Ocean Biological Center 5 1-210 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Santhakumari, V and Nair, VR (1999) Distribution of hydromedusae from the exclusive economic zone of the west and east coasts of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 28 150-157 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Zhong, Z (1989) Marine planktology Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo 454 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1975) Dynamics of zooplankton in a tropical estuary (Cochin backwater), with a review on the plankton fauna of the environment 7(2) 329-355 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Santhakumari, V (1997) Species composition, distribution and abundance of hydromedusae in the Exclusive Economic Zone of the east coast of India Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory Sirahama 38(1-2) 53-61 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-02

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