Arcania quinquespinosa [Status Unaccepted]   Alcock and Anderson,  1894 (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Leucosiidae

Description
Margins of carapace armed with five spines, of which the two lateral and one intestinal are very long, 2 smaller. Carapace marked with a large red mark on the posterior surface.

The carapace is broadly conical, owing to the bulging, obliquely backwards of the branchial regions. The front is sharply bidentate, instead of bilobular. The large spines of the margins of the carapace are relatively smaller, and the spine on the postero-lateral border, on either side, is either altogether wanting or is represented only by a granule. The regions of the carapace, with the single exception of the boundary between the gastric and cardiac regions, are distinctly delimited by fine grooves, The fingers are nearly twice the length of the hand. The cardiac region in life shows as a large bright red milk-white edged ocellus. The rest of the carapace is delicate pink in life.

It is much smaller species, the carapace of the adult being less than 12 millimeter long, and less than 14 millimeter broad.


Synonym (s)
Arcania quinquespinosa Alcock and Anderson, 1894

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala, Kollam, Neendakara INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)
• Kerala, Ernakulam, Murambam INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)
• Kerala, Malappurram, Ponnani INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)
• Kerala, Kozhikode, Puthiyappa (Lat: 11.5) (Long: 76) INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)
• Kerala, Kannur, Azhikkal INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)

Literature Source(s)
  • Sethuramalingam, S and Khan, SA Brachyuran crabs of Parangipettai coast Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Alcock, A (1968) Materials for a carcinological fauna of India the Brachyura Oxyrhyncha The Baptist Mission Press 1 1-456 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kumar, AB; Kumar, MS; Raffi, SM and Khan, SA (2007) Diversity of brachyuran crabs associated with trawl by-catch in Kerala coast, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries For the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Kochi, India 54(3) 283-290 Available at - http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IJF/article/download/6942/2675

Page last updated on:2012-03-05

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