Balistes vetula   Linnaeus,  1758 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Luiz-Junior, O

Size: 29.8-60 cm.

Max. published weight: 5,440 g

Color: Greenish or bluish gray on back, orange-yellow on lower part of head and abdomen, with two broad diagonal curved bright blue bands running from snout to below and in front of pectoral fins, the lowermost continuous with a blue ring around lips, a broad blue bar across caudal peduncle, and blue sub-marginal bands in median fins.

Upper profile of head slightly arched. Height 2.1, 2.30 in length with caudal (without caudal filaments). Head 3, 3.46 in length with caudal (without caudal filaments). Eye 3.9, 3.3 in snout and 1.1 in slightly convex interorbital space. A deep, narrow slit before eye, below nostrils which are situated in a pit. Gill opening somewhat oblique, its lower end in vertical through hindborder of eye. A series of large bony plates behind gill opening. Second and third dorsal rays prolonged into a single long filament. Anterior anal rays longest, forming a point, the free margin of the fin sigmate. Pectorals rounded. Ventral spine movable, covered by small tubercles or spinules, two small spines at its end. Caudal crescent-shaped, the upper and lower rays produced into long filaments. Caudal peduncle compressed, its least depth 1.68 in its length. No spines or tubercles on scales of tail or elsewhere. Dorsal spines (total): 3-3, Dorsal soft rays (total): 29-32, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 27- 29.

Dioecious, external fertilization, No obvious seasonal peak in spawning frequency, guarders, nesters.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Balistes vetula Blotch, 1786
Balistes vetula Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Balistes vetula Lesson, 1830
Balistes vetula Hollard, 1854
Balistes vetula Gunther, 1870
Balistes vetula Day, 1878
Balistes vetula J. L. B. Smith, 1950
Balistes bellus Walbaum, 1792
Balistes equestris Gronow, 1854
Balistes vetula trinitatis Nichols & Murphy, 1914

Common Name (s)
• Queen Triggerfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, aquarium, gamefish.
Excellent food fish but occasionally can cause intoxication due to the liver. Poisonous to eat. Reported occurrence of ciguatera poisoning)
Cultured:  Unknown

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Amphipods, crabs (Dardanus venosus, Mithrax sp.), lobsters ( Scyllarides aequinoctalis), shrimps/prawns, stomatopods, hard corals (Cladocora arbuscula), sea cucumber, sea stars/brittle stars (Oreaster reticulata), sea urchins (Diadema antillarum), ot
Predator:  Bony fishes belongs to the families such as Istiophoridae( Tetrapturus albidus, Tetrapturus pfluegeri), Scombridae ( Euthynnus alletteratus, Katsuwonus pelamis, Thunnus alalunga, Thunnus albacares) and Serranidae(Epinephelus striatus)


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 19.66) (Long: 88.25) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 52 mts)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-02

Back to Search