Acanthurus celebicus   Bleeker  1852 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 25 cm.

Color: In preserved specimen brownish, mouth and chin almost black. A white ring encircling lower lip and inferior part of upper lip. Hind border of opercle, and hind and lower border of preopercle, as well as a triangular area between gill opening and pectoral, black. Axil of pectoral also black. Caudal spine black. Fins very dark brown or black, distal half of pectorals and a narrow posterior edge of caudal white. A fresh specimen was bronze-colored, and the posterior edges of the caudal orange.

Height 1.9-2, 2.7-2.9 in length with caudal. Head 3.4-3.6, 4.9-5 in length with caudal. Eye 3.2-4.2, 2.4-3.2 in snout and 1.1-1.3 in convex inter orbital space. Profile of head convex from dorsal to eye, that of snout concave, the mouth being somewhat produced. Teeth long and slender, somewhat stalled, the median ones lobated on the side and on top, the lateral ones only along their posterior border. There are about six teeth in each ramus of the upper jaw and of the lower jaw, and they are not placed vertically in the jaws as usual, but obliquely, the median ones of left and right sides forming an acute angle. Origin of dorsal above gill opening. First spine half diameter of eye, second about equal to eye following spines gradually increasing in length to the last, which equals distance between corner of mouth and eye. Soft dorsal somewhat pointed behind, the longest ray as long as snout. Second anal spine longer than first, equal in length to sixth dorsal spine. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Ventrals with the first ray produced, about as long as pectorals, and as snout and eye. Caudal lunate, the lobes produced.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Acanthurus celebicus Kner 1867
Rhombotides celebicus Bleeker 1863
Acanthurus celebicus Gunther 1875
Acanthurus celebicus Day 1876
Hepatus celebicus Jordan and Seale 1907
Acanthurus celebicus Herre 1927
Hepatus leucosternon Fowler and Bean 1929

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA (Record: 2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003)
• INDIA (Record: 1951)

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-11-16

Back to Search