Sphyraena bleekeri   Williams  1959 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Sphyraenidae

Description
Color: Body iridescent dusky-green to black above the lateral line and silvery below; with distinctive 18 to 20 chevron-shaped markings which reach from back to about 3/4 distance across across body towards the ventral surface, the angle of the cross bars directed forwards below the lateral line anteriorly, at the lateral line posteriorly; inside of mouth dusky yellow. First dorsal fin dusky green; anal fin pale.

Body elongate and cylindrical; head large, with long pointed snout; preopercle obliquely rounded, no membranous flap at lower posterior edge. Mouth large, the maxilla reaches almost to the front edge of eye. Upper jaw with a single row of many minute triangular teeth at sides, directed backwards, and 2 pairs of well spaced curved canines in front; lower jaw with a single symphysial canine which fits into notch in upper jaw, and a single row of few small teeth at sides; palatines with 6 pairs of canines; tongue rough, with minute asperities. No gill rakers. Two widely separated dorsal fins; first fin with 5 spines, and second fin with 1 spine and 9 soft rays; origin of first dorsal fin just in front of tip of pectoral fin and distinctly behind origin of pelvic fins. Anal fin with 2 spines and 8 soft rays. Lateral line with 122 to 134 pored-scales.


Synonym (s)
Sphyraena bleekeri Williams 1959

Common Name (s)
• William's Barracuda (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu INDIA (Record: 1984)

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kuronuma, K and Abe, Y (1986) Fishes of the Arabian Gulf Fishes of the Arabian Gulf 1-356 Available at - ZOOR12500001320
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2010-03-12

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