Apogon taeniatus [Status Unaccepted]   Cuvier and Valenciennes,  1828 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 10 - 17 cm.

Color: Brownish, silvery below. A black transverse band from origin of dorsal to half way origin of ventrals and another second one from origin of second dorsal to half way anus. A dark spot on the lateral line at the base of caudal present. The membrane between the dorsal spine blackish.

Mouth oblique, dorsal profile sloping gently from dorsal to snout, maxillary reaching almost to below middle of eye. Eyes slightly larger than snout. Two vertical rows of scales on pre-operculum. Pre-orbital smooth, conical teeth in jaws, that of lower jaw narrower than that of upper jaw. Teeth on vomer in two rows, on palatines in a narrow band. Dorsal spines strong; first dorsal spine small, second one about one third of third one, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh spines gradually decreasing in length. First anal spine minute, second one equal to second dorsal. Caudal incised, the lobes rounded. Dorsal spines (total): 8-8, Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 6-8.

Dioecious, external fertilization, bearers, external brooders. Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning. Males are mouth brooders.

Synonym (s)
Apogon taeniatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Apogon bifasciatus Ruppell, 1835
Apogon timorensis Bleeker, 1854
Amia taeniata Bleeker, 1874
Apogonichthyoides taeniatus Smith, 1961
Apogon bifasciatus Ruppell, 1838
Apogon taeniata Cuvier, 1828
Apogonichthyoides taeniatus (Cuvier, 1828)
Apogon bifasciatus Ruppell, 1838
(Junior synonym)
Apogon taeniata Cuvier, 1828
(Senior synonym)
Apogon taeniatus Cuvier, 1828
(Senior synonym)
Apogonichthyoides taeniatus (Cuvier, 1828)
(Senior synonym)
Apogon taeniatus Ruppell, 1837
Apogon bifasciatus Ruppell, 1837
Apogon trimaculatus Richardson, 1846
Apogon cantoris Bleeker, 1851
Apogon bifasciatus Gunther, 1859
Apogon bifasciatus Kner, 1867
Apogon bifasciatus Klunzinger, 1870
Apogon bifasciatus Steindachner 1870
Amia bifasciata Bleeker, 1876
Apogon taeniatus Day, 1878
Apogon bifasciatus Klunzinger, 1884
Apogon bifasciatus Sauvage, 1891
Apogon (koilomatodon) M. Weber, 1913

Common Name (s)
• Twobelt Cardinal (English)
• Striped Cardinal Fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Cultured:  No

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans


• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA (Record: 00/01/1999-00/12/2000)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA (Record: 2008)

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Suresh, GK and Thomas, PA (2006) On three new records of Apogonids (Order - Perciforms, Suborder - Percoidei) from the Indian seas Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 48(1) 83-88 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-09-27

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