Uranoscopus cognatus   Cantor,  1849 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: CSIRO

Size: 16-27 cm

Color: A short black cirrus on eye. Respiratory valve inside lower jaw with a thread-like, pale appendage. Body without distinctive colour marks.

Height 4, 5.1 in length with caudal. Head 2.4, 3.1 in length with caudal. Breadth of head 1.3 in its length. Eye 7.1, 1.4 in snout and 1.1 in scarcely convex inter orbital space. Bony plates of head rugose. Preorbital anteriorly with a spine. Four, seldom five spines along the lower border of the preopercle. Sub opercle with one spine. Suprascapular bony plate posteriorly with a longer and a much shorter inner spine. Humeral spine obliquely directed upwards and backwards, twice as long as eye. Lower lip with a row of freshly tentacles, upper lip with much shorter filaments. A few rows of rather strong teeth in the jaws. Vomer with a transverse patch of similar teeth, those on palatines somewhat stronger. Longest spine of first dorsal equal to inter orbital space. Third or fourth ray of second dorsal longest, equal to distance between hind border of eye and base of suprascapular spine. Rays of second dorsal rapidly decreasing in length posteriorly, the last ray about on half diameter of eye. Origin of anal below origin of dorsal, end of anal below end of dorsal. Posterior anal rays slightly longer than the anterior ones and about equal to snout and eye. Pectorals equal to head without snout, ventrals equal to post orbital part of head. Pelvic spines behind vertical through antero-inferior edge of maxillary. Caudal slightly rounded. Upper edge of opercle descending backward. Both nasal valves long and tubular. First dorsal fin with 4 (rarely 3) spines. Two basipterygial processes. Dorsal spines (total): 4 - 5; dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 14; anal soft rays: 12 - 15.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Uranoscopus cognatus Gunther, 1860
Uranoscopus cognatus Bleeker, 1860
Uranoscopus cognatus Alcock, 1889
Uranoscopus kaianus M. Weber, 1913

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-23

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