Apogon multitaeniatus   (Ehrenberg)  1980 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Apogonidae

Description
Size: 11.5-18 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimen reddish brown with traces of longitudinal narrow dark bands, according to the rows of scales. Upper border of first dorsal blackish, the other fins hyaline.

Height 2.6, 3.3 in length with caudal. Head 2.7, 3.4 in length with caudal. Eye 3.4. Snout about four fifths of eye, interorbital space scarcely less than eye. Mouth rather oblique, lower jaw slightly included, maxillary reaching to below hinderhalf of eye. Teeth conical, in rather broad bands in jaws and in narrower bands on vomer and palatines. Praeoperculum denticulated, its ridge as well as its praeorbital smooth. Orbital rim rough, but without denticulations. First dorsal spine minute, second more than half of third, which is longest and strongest and almost equal to postordital part of head. Spine of second dorsal equal to snout and half diameter of eye, second spine of anal shorter, more than eye. Longest soft rays of dorsal longer than those of anal and equal to eye and snout together. Pectorals half diameter of eye longer than postorbital part of head, ventrals somewhat shorter. Caudal feebly incised, the lobes, rounded. Least height of caudal peduncle somewhat less than postorbital part of head, 1.6 in its length. All the scales ctenoid. About 12 spiculate gillrakers on horizontal branch of first branchial arch, the anterior ones knoblike, the posterior ones long and slender.

Dioecism, external fertilization, bearers, external brooders, mouthbrooders, distinct pairing during courtship and spawning.

Exhibits the black gut phenomenon. In nocturnal predators, it appears to serve to conceal bioluminiscent prey in the stomach cavity.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Lepidamia multitaeniata (Cuvier) 1828
Lepidamia multitaeniatus (Cuvier) 1828
Apogon multitaeniatus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1828
Apogon noordzieki Bleeker 1859
Apogon mnltitaeniatus Klunzinger 1870
Apogon multitaeniatus Day 1878
Amia noordzieki Bleeker 1876

Common Name (s)
• Smallscale Cardinal (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Cultured:  No

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• INDIA (Record: 1929)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003, 2008)

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf

Page last updated on:2009-12-29

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