Apogon kalosoma   Bleeker  1852 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 6.5-6.9 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens reddish brown, with a dark lateral band from head to base of caudal, where it ends in a large caudal spot, which however may be absent. A second band from upper part of opercle, along sides at some distance below profile of back. Upper part of first dorsal blackish. About 12 spiculated gillrakers on horizontal branch of first branchial arch, the anterior ones knob-like, the posterior ones long and slender.

Height 3.2-3.3, 3.8-4.2 in length with caudal. Head 2.6-2.8, 3.3-3.5 in length with caudal. Eye about 3, three fourths of their diameter apart. Snout about four fifths of eye. Praeoperculum denticulated, its ridge smooth as well as praeorbital. Mouth rather oblique, reaching to below hinderhalf of ye, lower jaw slightly included. Teeth in bands in jaws and on vomer and palatines. First dorsal spine minute, second one more than half of third, which is longest and strongest and equal to snout and eye together. Spine of second dorsal longer than second spine of anal and equal to postorbital part of head. Pectorals half diameter of eye longer than postorbitalpart of-head, ventrals somewhat shorter. Caudal feebly incised, the lobes rounded.

Dioecious, external fertilization, bearers, external brooders, mouthbrooders, distinct pairing during courtship and spawning.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Lepidamia kalosoma Gill 1863
Amia kallosoma Bleeker 1876
Apogon calosoma Day 1878

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Cultured:  No

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA (Record: 1929)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003)

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at - http://www.eol.org/

Page last updated on:2009-10-07

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