Apogon nigripinnis   Cuvier  1828 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Apogonidae

Image copyrights: Dr. Peter Wirtz

Description
Size: 9-10 cm.

Color: Greyish, a dark vertical bar present below each dorsal fin and on caudal base, a fourth bar may be present between the 2nd dorsal and the caudal base, normally with large ocellus above pectoral fins, pelvic fins black, pectoral fins light, other fins dusky to dark in color.

No very considerable rise from the snout to the base of the dorsal fin, snout rather elevated. Height about equal to head, 2.5-2.6, 3-3.2 in length with caudal. Eye 3-3.2. Snout one half or two thirds of eye. Interorbital space three fourths of eye. Mouth very oblique, maxillary reaching to below last third or even hindborder of eye. Lower jaw slightly the longer. Vertical and horizontal limbs of praeoperculum strongly and evenly serrated along their outer edges. Teeth villiform in jaws, vomer, and palate, an outer slightly enlarged row in each jaw. First and second dorsal spine small, third almost as long as fourth, which is equal to postorbital part of head. Second dorsal somewhat higher than first dorsal and than anal. Ventrals longer than pectorals, reaching anal. Caudal rounded. Dorsal spines (total): 8- 8, Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 7-8.

Dioecious, external fertilization, bearers, external brooders, mouthbrooders, the males incubate the eggs, distinct pairing during courtship and spawning.

It has been reared in captivity

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Amia atripes Ogilby 1916
Apogon nigripinsis (Cuvier) 1828
Apogonichthyoides nigripinnis (Cuvier) 1828
Apogonichthyoides uninotatus (non Smith & Radclif 1912
(Misapplied)
Apogonichthys nigripinnis (Cuvier) 1828
Apogon nigripinnis Cuvier and Valenciennes 1829
Apogon nigripinnis Schlegel 1846
Amia nigripinnis Bleeker 1876
Apogon nigripinnis Day 1878
Apogon nigripinnis Steindachner and Doderlein 1883
Apogon niger Jordan and Snyder 1901
Apogon nigripinnis Regan 1905
Amia niger Smith and Pope 1906
Amia nigra Syder 1912
Amia nigra Jordan 1913

Common Name (s)
• Bullseye Cardinal Fish (English)
• Bullseye (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Cultured:  No

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Amphipods, benthic copepods, crabs, isopods, other benthic crustaceans, ostracods, shrimps/prawns, bonyfish, mysids, other planktonic crustaceans, non-annelids

Biogeography


• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA
• Kerala, Shanghumugham INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Kurian, CV (1953) A preliminary survey of the bottom fauna and bottom deposits of the Travancore coast within the 15-fathom line Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 19 746–775 Available at - http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/rawdataupload/upload/insa/INSA_1/20005b8b_747.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-30

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